♥ Book Title : The Other Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "The book offers demographic, sociolinguistic, and educational perspectives on the status of both regional and immigrant languages in Europe and in a wider international context. From a cross-national point of view, empirical evidence on the status of these other languages of multicultural Europe is brought together in a combined frame of reference."Article| Guus Extra| Statement ..."
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♥ Book Title : Encyclopedia of the Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "This is an authoritative reference guide to all the languages of Europe, covering nearly three hundred languages and language families. It focuses on extant languages but includes all languages known to have been spoken in Europe in the past. Speech varieties whose status as dialects rather than languages is a matter of debate either have separate entries or are considered under other headings, with appropriate cross references. The encyclopedia includes entries on non-European languages now spoken by substantial communities in Europe (such as Punjabi and Chinese in Britain and Arabic in France) and on the major non-Latin alphabets used for the transcription of European languages. The aim of the book is to provide surveys of the origins, historical development and, in the case of living languages, contemporary position of each language. Bibliographical addenda to articles list grammars, dictionaries, and works on historical and sociolinguistic topics. Written by an international team of scholars, many of them among the foremost authorities in their field, the Encyclopedia of the Languages of Europe is of interest to all those involved in the study of language, linguistics or cultural history."Article| Glanville Price| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The English Language in Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "This is an overview of the current state and a glimpse of future directions of the English language in Europe. It sets the scene for this by looking at the development of English from a Germanic tongue in northwest Europe to an international language that has spread across the world. In the European context, there is an examination of the role of English, especially in Germany, in major fields of work and study, such as science, education and arts. There is also a consideration of its predominance within and outside the European Union language services."Article| Reinhard Hartmann| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Lingo
☯ Full Synopsis : "Whether you're a frequent visitor to Europe or just an armchair traveler, the surprising and extraordinary stories in Lingo will forever change the way you think about the continent, and may even make you want to learn a new language. Lingo spins the reader on a whirlwind tour of sixty European languages and dialects, sharing quirky moments from their histories and exploring their commonalities and differences. Most European languages are descended from a single ancestor, a language not unlike Sanskrit known as Proto-Indo-European (or PIE for short), but the continent's ever-changing borders and cultures have given rise to a linguistic and cultural diversity that is too often forgotten in discussions of Europe as a political entity. Lingo takes us into today's remote mountain villages of Switzerland, where Romansh is still the lingua franca, to formerly Soviet Belarus, a country whose language was Russified by the Bolsheviks, to Sweden, where up until the 1960s polite speaking conventions required that one never use the word you in conversation, leading to tiptoeing questions of the form: Would herr generaldirektr Rexed like a biscuit? Spanning six millenia and sixty languages in bite-size chapters, Lingo is a hilarious and highly edifying exploration of how Europe speaks."Article| Gaston Dorren| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Pragmatic Organization of Discourse in the Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "The volume is a collection of papers reporting the results of investigations on the interaction of discourse and sentence structure in the languages of Europe. The subjects discussed in the book include: morphosyntactic characteristics of spontaneous spoken texts; different patterns of word order in a pragmatic perspective; the coding of the pragmatic functions topic and focus in sentences with non-canonical word orders (e.g. dislocations, clefts); the range of functions of verb-subject order in declarative clauses and the notion of theticity; prosodic patterns of de-accenting of given information; deixis and anaphora; coding of definiteness and article systems. The book provides the empirical basis for the comparative survey of major phenomena found in the languages of Europe which have pragmatic relevance. Beside traditional areas of investigation at the interface between syntax and pragmatics such as dislocations, new areas are explored, such as the prosody of given information. Data are considered within a functional-typological approach."Article| Giuliano Bernini| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Constituent Order in the Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Anna Siewierska| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Adverbial Constructions in the Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "This is part of a series of nine volumes publishing the results of the research project "Typology of Languages in Europe" (EUROTYP)--based on a 1988 workshop by the Standing Committee for the Humanities, the European Science Foundation, and involving participation by more than 100 linguists. The major goal of EUROTY was to study the cross-linguistic patterns and limitations of variation in nine focal areas: pragmatic organization of discourse, constituent order, subordination and complementation, adverbial constructions, tense and aspect, noun phrase structure, clitics, and word prosodic systems in the languages of Europe. This effort provided a testing ground for theoretical controversies and new theory development, as detailed here by a dozen contributors. Includes a language index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR"Article| Johan van der Auwera| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Mood in the Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "This book is the first comprehensive survey of mood in the languages of Europe. It gives readers access to a collection of data on mood. Each article presents the mood system of a specific European language in a way that readers not familiar with this language are able to understand and to interpret the data. The articles contain information on the morphology and semantics of the mood system, the possible combinations of tense and mood morphology, and the possible uses of the non-indica-tive mood(s). The papers address the explanation of mood from an empirical and descriptive perspective. This book is of interest to scholars of mood and modality, language contact, and areal linguistics and typology."Article| Björn Rothstein| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Noun Phrase Structure in the Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "The result of over five years of close collaboration among an international group of leading typologists within the EUROTYP program, this volume is about the morphology and syntax of the noun phrase. Particular attention is being paid to nominal inflectional categories and inflectional systems and to the syntax of determination, modification, and conjunction. Its areal focus, like that of other EUROTYP volumes, is on the languages of Europe; but in order to appreciate what is peculiarly European about their noun phrases, a more comprehensive and genuinely typological view is being taken at the full range of cross-linguistic variation within this structural domain. There has been no shortage lately of contributions to the theory of noun phrase structure; the present volume is, however, unique in the extent to which its theorizing is empirically grounded."Article| Frans Plank| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
☯ Full Synopsis : "This book contains a number of descriptor scales which describe the linguistic skills needed by language learners to become competent speakers of another language."Article| Council of Europe| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean
☯ Full Synopsis : "This is the first of a two-volume comparative history of negation in the languages of Europe and the Mediterranean. It examines the development of sentential negation and negative indefinites and quantifiers in languages and language groups such as Italian, English, Dutch, German, Celtic, Slavonic, Greek, Uralic, and Afro-Asiatic."Article| David Willis| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Tense and Aspect in the Languages of Europe
☯ Full Synopsis : "The series is a platform for contributions of all kinds to this rapidly developing field. General problems are studied from the perspective of individual languages, language families, language groups, or language samples. Conclusions are the result of a deepened study of empirical data. Special emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose analysis may shed new light on long-standing problems in general linguistics."Article| Östen Dahl| Statement ..."