♥ Book Title : The Laws of Transparency in Action
☯ Full Synopsis : "This book examines the issue of free access to information as part of the openness and transparency principles. The free access to public information has become one of the most hotly contested aspects of contemporary government and public administration. Many countries in Europe have well-established Freedom of Information laws (FOIAs), while others have adopted them more recently. The problems that occur in the implementation of FOIAs are different due to the legal and institutional context; nevertheless, patterns of best practices and malfunctioning are comparable. The book analyses in comparative and empirical perspective the respective main challenges. Whilst the existing literature focusses on the legal provisions, this book offers practical insights through 13 national profiles and the EU level, on how effective the legal provisions of FOIAs really prove to be."Article| Dacian C. Dragos| Statement ..."
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♥ Book Title : Equality and Transparency
☯ Full Synopsis : "Can affirmative action policies be convincingly justified? And how have they been legitimized over time? In a pluridisciplinary perspective at the intersection of political theory and the sociology of law, Daniel Sabbagh criticizes the two prevailing justifications put forward in favor of affirmative action: the corrective justice argument and the diversity argument.He defends the policy instead as an instrument designed to bring about the deracialization of American society. In this respect, however, affirmative action requires a measure of dissimulation in order to succeed.Equality and Transparency explains why this is so and provides a new interpretation of the strategic component in the Supreme Court's case law while identifying some of its most remarkable side effects."Article| D. Sabbagh| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Equality and Transparency
☯ Full Synopsis : "A unique exploration by a French scholar of the contradictions inherent in the practice and justification of affirmative action programs in the United States."Article| Daniel Sabbagh| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Transparency in International Law
☯ Full Synopsis : "While its importance in domestic law has long been acknowledged, transparency has until now remained largely unexplored in international law. This study of transparency issues in key areas such as international economic law, environmental law, human rights law and humanitarian law brings together new and important insights on this pressing issue. Contributors explore the framing and content of transparency in their respective fields with regard to proceedings, institutions, law-making processes and legal culture, and a selection of cross-cutting essays completes the study by examining transparency in international law-making and adjudication."Article| Andrea Bianchi| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Frameworks for Discursive Actions and Practices of the Law
☯ Full Synopsis : "This volume provides descriptive and interpretive insights into the ‘living’ usage of language and other semiotic modes in building and performing the law across academic, professional and institutional contexts, where issues arise from the meaning and function of legal texts, discourse and genre in constituting and enabling conventions, albeit dynamically, and account for the socially and (inter)culturally influenced forms of discursive actions and practices. The twenty contributions included here weave significant contexts and situations for legal discourse and practice into a tight thread, and justify selected topic areas through a variety of approaches, frameworks, methodologies, and procedures. As such, this publication is multidimensional and multiperspectival in its design and implementation of key issues confronting discursive actions and practices of the law, and provides an invaluable resource for academics in a wider range of disciplines, including linguistics, applied linguistics and communication studies. It will also be of interest to students of interdisciplinary discourse analysis."Article| Girolamo Tessuto| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Ownership, Financial Accountability and the Law
☯ Full Synopsis : "There is something visceral about ownership. This is mine; you can't have it. This is mine; you can share it. This is ours. Try to find it. Contemporary literature and investigative journalism are showing that the scale of the problem of tax evasion, money laundering, organised crime, terrorism, bribery, corruption and gross human rights abuses is vast. Ownership - specifically, the quest to identify beneficial owners- has been chosen by national and international regulators as the touchstone, the litmus test in the fight back. An owner by definition must possess something for which they are financially accountable. But what is meant by "ownership"? This book explains why ownership is pivotal to accountability, and what ownership means in common law, civil law and Shariah law terms. It looks in detail at State, regional and international transparency strategies and at an equally powerful global private counter-initiative to promote beneficial ownership avoidance through the use of so-called "orphan structures". Where there is no owner, there is no accountability. The distinction between privacy and legitimate confidentiality on the one hand, and concealment on the other is explained with reference to commercial and trade law and practice, principles of corporate governance and applicable business human rights. This book introduces one further counter initiative: the phenomenon of transient ownership made possible through the use of cryptocurrency and the blockchain. The study concludes with a blueprint for action with recommendations addressed to states, international organisations, practitioners and other stakeholders. ve to promote beneficial ownership avoidance through the use of so-called "orphan structures". Where there is no owner, there is no accountability. The distinction between privacy and legitimate confidentiality on the one hand, and concealment on the other is explained with reference to commercial and trade law and practice, principles of corporate governance and applicable business human rights. This book introduces one further counter initiative: the phenomenon of transient ownership made possible through the use of cryptocurrency and the blockchain. The study concludes with a blueprint for action with recommendations addressed to states, international organisations, practitioners and other stakeholders."Article| Paul Beckett| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Transparency & Public Accountability Fiscal Mismanagement Lack of Public Accountability: Case Study - Sri Lanka a Country Under the Purview of IMF, Wo
☯ Full Synopsis : "This Book appallingly unravels insights into fiscal mismanagement devoid of public accountability, under the purview of IMF, World Bank, ADB, international developmental agencies, et al. Perverse amnesties were surreptitiously enacted into law by Parliament, transgressing the social contract and public trust doctrine, also frustrating the right of the citizenry to challenge their constitutionality. Amnesties granted immunity and pardon for offences, such as, terrorism funding, money laundering, drug peddling, human trafficking, proceeds of crime, etc., in contravention of international conventions, including UN Security Council Resolution on terrorism financing. The Supreme Court condemned the Statute, as 'inimical to the rule of law', 'violative of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights', and 'had defrauded public revenue, causing extensive loss to the State'. Consequent controversy resulted in the ouster of the Government, with the new Government repealing the perverse law; however, with strange resistance against enforcement ! The Book also reveals how Parliament ignored an Auditor General's Special Report on gross negligence of revenue administration and colossal VAT frauds, with tardy enforcement of the 'rule of law'. ! The Book also deals with challenges in the Supreme Court against the Appropriation Bill, the Budget, for non-disclosure of borrowings and for lacking transparency, with the Ministry of Finance being castigated for operating a 'Budget within a Budget', with dubious expenditures, sans accountability. This Book reveals realities in fiscal mismanagement at highest levels, disclosing indifference and condoning by international agencies ! This is an invaluable Book for advocates of good governance and combat of economic crime, fraud and corruption, and those interested in public finance and law, and constitutional obligations of social contract and public trust."Article| Nihal Sri Ameresekere| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Missile Defense: Actions Needed to Improve Transparency and Accountability
☯ Full Synopsis : "In order to meet its mission, the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is developing a highly complex system of systems ¿ land-, sea-, and space-based sensors, interceptors, and battle management. Since its initiation in 2002, MDA has been given a significant amount of flexibility in executing the development and fielding of the ballistic missile defense system. This testimony focuses on an annual review of MDA and on progress made to improve transparency and accountability. This statement is based on a March 2011 report. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication."Article| Cristina Chaplain| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Improving Transparency, Integrity, and Accountability in Water Supply and Sanitation
☯ Full Synopsis : "This volume will serve as a useful tool for those who wish to diagnose, analyze, and take action against systemic corruption in the water and sanitation sectors. On a global scale, more than 1 billion people live without access to safe, potable water, in part because of poor governance and corruption. Illegal connections and substantial losses caused by deferred maintenance have eroded the revenues of water utilities, leading to a downward spiral in performance. Embezzlement of funds, bribes for access to illegal water connections, manipulation of meter counters, and collusion in public contracts add to the litany of corrupt practices. This manual will serve as a practical guide for governments, civil society organizations, and citizens themselves in their quest for a model of service provision that responds to the pressing needs of people in the developing world."Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Transparency and rule of law in Latin America : hearing before the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, May 25, 2005.
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Soft Law in European Community Law
☯ Full Synopsis : "This book offers the first systematic investigation of the phenomenon of soft law within the framework of the EC (the first pillar of the EU), and its use by the European Commission and Council of Ministers. It focuses upon how soft law fits into the Community legal system, how it is used, and how it relates to Community legislation. Differentiation of the Community instruments, including the instruments of soft law, is often thought to enhance the effectiveness, legitimacy and transparency of the Community. This book asks whether soft law indeed provides a satisfactory alternative to legislation from this perspective and, if so, in what cases and under what conditions. Furthermore, the author asks to what extent the use of soft law implies good governance, and throws fresh light on this very heterogenous phenomenon, by looking at frequently used instruments in many different areas of Community law, such as competition law, state aid, environment, social policy etc., in the process identifying their different characteristics, aims, functions and legal effects. What emerges is that the conditions under which soft law is used may be problematic in relation to increasing the legitimacy, effectiveness and transparency of Community action. This is a work which will interest legal practitioners confronted with the use of soft law in an increasing number of sectors and academics interested in the vexed question of how the increased use of soft law can be justified in a Community legal order built upon the rule of law. It is also critical of developments taking place within the framework of the European Convention and the proposed European Constitution, and goes beyond the immediate problems of soft law to touch upon issues such as competence, legal protection, division of powers between the EC and the Member States, institutional balance, lawmaking by the Community Courts, the scope of Community legal principles and the influence of soft law on the progressive development of both Community and national law."Article| Linda Senden| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Transparency & Silence
☯ Full Synopsis : ""The right of access to information held by public bodies is a bedrock principle essential to any open society. Yet in many countries, access to information laws are weak, riddled with loopholes and poorly implemented. Transparency & Silence takes a close look at access to information laws in 14 countries and how they work in practice, and lays out a role for NGOs and citizens in promoting government openness and accountability. The text includes charts comparing countries' responsiveness, as well as recommendations on improving access to information laws and practices. By tracking more than 1,900 actual requests for information submitted to government offices and agencies in countries ranging from Nigeria to Macedonia to France, this survey shines a bright light on where and how access to information laws work - and where they don't."--BOOK JACKET."Article| no defined| Statement ..."