♥ Book Title : The evolution of man
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Ernst Haeckel| Statement ..."
✩ The Evolution Of Man; A Popular Scientific Study ✩
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♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man - Volume 2
☯ Full Synopsis : "The Evolution of Man - Volume 2 by Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel In turning from the embryology to the phylogeny of man-from the development of the individual to that of the species-we must bear in mind the direct causal connection that exists between these two main branches of the science of human evolution. This important causal nexus finds its simplest expression in "the fundamental law of organic development," the content and purport of which we have fully considered in the first chapter. According to this biogenetic law, ontogeny is a brief and condensed recapitulation of phylogeny. If this compendious reproduction were complete in all cases, it would be very easy to construct the whole story of evolution on an embryonic basis. When we wanted to know the ancestors of any higher organism, and, therefore, of man-to know from what forms the race as a whole has been evolved we should merely have to follow the series of forms in the development of the individual from the ovum; we could then regard each of the successive forms as the representative of an extinct ancestral form. However, this direct application of ontogenetic facts to phylogenetic ideas is possible, without limitations, only in a very small section of the animal kingdom. There are, it is true, still a number of lower invertebrates (for instance, some of the Zoophyta and Vermalia) in which we are justified in recognising at once each embryonic form as the historical reproduction, or silhouette, as it were, of an extinct ancestor. But in the great majority of the animals, and in the case of man, this is impossible, because the embryonic forms themselves have been modified through the change of the conditions of existence, and have lost their original character to some extent. During the immeasurable course of organic history, the many millions of years during which life was developing on our planet, secondary changes of the embryonic forms have taken place in most animals. The young of animals (not only detached larvae, but also the embryos enclosed in the womb) may be modified by the influence of the environment, just as well as the mature organisms are by adaptation to the conditions of life; even species are altered during the embryonic development. Moreover, it is an advantage for all higher organisms (and the advantage is greater the more advanced they are) to curtail and simplify the original course of development, and thus to obliterate the traces of their ancestors. The higher the individual organism is in the animal kingdom, the less completely does it reproduce in its embryonic development the series of its ancestors, for reasons that are as yet only partly known to us. The fact is easily proved by comparing the different developments of higher and lower animals in any single stem. We are delighted to publish this classic book as part of our extensive Classic Library collection. Many of the books in our collection have been out of print for decades, and therefore have not been accessible to the general public. The aim of our publishing program is to facilitate rapid access to this vast reservoir of literature, and our view is that this is a significant literary work, which deserves to be brought back into print after many decades. The contents of the vast majority of titles in the Classic Library have been scanned from the original works. To ensure a high quality product, each title has been meticulously hand curated by our staff. Our philosophy has been guided by a desire to provide the reader with a book that is as close as possible to ownership of the original work. We hope that you will enjoy this wonderful classic work, and that for you it becomes an enriching experience."Article| Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man, Vol. 1
☯ Full Synopsis : "Excerpt from The Evolution of Man, Vol. 1: A Popular Scientific Study; Human Embryology or Ontogeny When the first edition of this work appeared in 1874, and the third edition followed three years afterwards, the circum stances of biology were very different from what they are to-day. It is true that the struggle for the recognition of the great truths of science, which Darwin had initiated by the publication of his epoch-making work in 1859, had already been decided in his favour on the main issue. But the most important consequence of the new evolutionary doctrine (now firmly established for the first time through his theory of selection) - that is to say, its application to man - still met with the most spirited and widespread opposition. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."Article| Ernst Haeckel| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : What Darwin Got Wrong
☯ Full Synopsis : "Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini, a distinguished philosopher and scientist working in tandem, reveal major flaws at the heart of Darwinian evolutionary theory. They do not deny Darwin's status as an outstanding scientist but question the inferences he drew from his observations. Combining the results of cutting-edge work in experimental biology with crystal-clear philosophical argument they mount a devastating critique of the central tenets of Darwin's account of the origin of species. The logic underlying natural selection is the survival of the fittest under changing environmental pressure. This logic, they argue, is mistaken. They back up the claim with evidence of what actually happens in nature. This is a rare achievement - the short book that is likely to make a great deal of difference to a very large subject. What Darwin Got Wrong will be controversial. The authors' arguments will reverberate through the scientific world. At the very least they will transform the debate about evolution."Article| Jerry Fodor, Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man; A Popular Scientific Study
☯ Full Synopsis : "This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant."Article| Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel, Joseph Mccabe| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man, Vol. 2 of 2
☯ Full Synopsis : "Excerpt from The Evolution of Man, Vol. 2 of 2: A Popular Scientific Study of the Principal Points of Human Ontogeny and Phylogeny Mammalian Character of Mam - Common Descent of all Mammals from a Single Parent-form (promammalian). - Bifurcation of the Amnion Animals into Two Main Lines: on the one side, Rep tiles and Birds, on the other, Mammals. - Date of the Origin of Mammals: the Trias Period. - The Three Main Groups or Sub classes of Mammals: their Genealogical Relations - Sixteenth Ancestral Stage Cloacal Animals (monotremata, or Ornithodelphia). - 'l'he Extinct Primitive Mammals (promammalz'a) and the Extant Beaked Animals (ornithostoma). - Seventeenth Ancestral Stage Pouched Animals (marsupialia, or Dz'delphia). - Extinct and Extant Pouched Animals - Their Intermediate Position between Mono tremes and Placental Animals - Origin and Structure of Placental Animals (placentalia, or - Formation of the Pla centa. - The Deciduous Embryonic Membrane (decidua). - Group of the Indecidua. And of the Deciduata. - The Formation of the Decidua (vera, serotina, reﬂexa) in Man and in Apes - Eighteenth Stage: Semi-apes (prosimice). - Nineteenth Stage: Tailed Apes (menocerca). - Twentieth Stage Man-like Apes (anthropoides). Speechless and Speaking Men (mali. Homines) About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."Article| Ernst Haeckel| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man
☯ Full Synopsis : "This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book."Article| Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Human stem history or phylogeny
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Ernst Haeckel| Statement ..."
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| | Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
☯ Full Synopsis : "Highly readable 1872 study by the great naturalist examines how people and animals display fear, anger, and pleasure. Abounding in anecdotes and quotations, it continues to inspire contemporary research. 21 figures, 7 plates."Article| Charles Darwin| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Selfish Gene
☯ Full Synopsis : "An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit"Article| Richard Dawkins| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
☯ Full Synopsis : "A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science."Article| Thomas S. Kuhn| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Ancestors in Our Genome
☯ Full Synopsis : "In 2001, scientists were finally able to determine the full human genome sequence, and with the discovery began a genomic voyage back in time. Since then, we have sequenced the full genomes of a number of mankind's primate relatives at a remarkable rate. The genomes of the common chimpanzee (2005) and bonobo (2012), orangutan (2011), gorilla (2012), and macaque monkey (2007) have already been identified, and the determination of other primate genomes is well underway. Researchers are beginning to unravel our full genomic history, comparing it with closely related species to answer age-old questions about how and when we evolved. For the first time, we are finding our own ancestors in our genome and are thereby gleaning new information about our evolutionary past. In Ancestors in Our Genome, molecular anthropologist Eugene E. Harris presents us with a complete and up-to-date account of the evolution of the human genome and our species. Written from the perspective of population genetics, and in simple terms, the book traces human origins back to their source among our earliest human ancestors, and explains many of the most intriguing questions that genome scientists are currently working to answer. For example, what does the high level of discordance among the gene trees of humans and the African great apes tell us about our respective separations from our common ancestor? Was our separation from the apes fast or slow, and when and why did it occur? Where, when, and how did our modern species evolve? How do we search across genomes to find the genomic underpinnings of our large and complex brains and language abilities? How can we find the genomic bases for life at high altitudes, for lactose tolerance, resistance to disease, and for our different skin pigmentations? How and when did we interbreed with Neandertals and the recently discovered ancient Denisovans of Asia? Harris draws upon extensive experience researching primate evolution in order to deliver a lively and thorough history of human evolution. Ancestors in Our Genome is the most complete discussion of our current understanding of the human genome available."Article| Eugene E. Harris| Statement ..."