♥ Book Title : The evolution of man
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Ernst Haeckel| Statement ..."
✩ The Evolution Of Man; A Popular Scientific Study ✩
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♥ Book Title : The evolution of man
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man, Vol. 2 of 2
☯ Full Synopsis : "Excerpt from The Evolution of Man, Vol. 2 of 2: A Popular Scientific Study of the Principal Points of Human Ontogeny and Phylogeny Mammalian Character of Mam - Common Descent of all Mammals from a Single Parent-form (promammalian). - Bifurcation of the Amnion Animals into Two Main Lines: on the one side, Rep tiles and Birds, on the other, Mammals. - Date of the Origin of Mammals: the Trias Period. - The Three Main Groups or Sub classes of Mammals: their Genealogical Relations - Sixteenth Ancestral Stage Cloacal Animals (monotremata, or Ornithodelphia). - 'l'he Extinct Primitive Mammals (promammalz'a) and the Extant Beaked Animals (ornithostoma). - Seventeenth Ancestral Stage Pouched Animals (marsupialia, or Dz'delphia). - Extinct and Extant Pouched Animals - Their Intermediate Position between Mono tremes and Placental Animals - Origin and Structure of Placental Animals (placentalia, or - Formation of the Pla centa. - The Deciduous Embryonic Membrane (decidua). - Group of the Indecidua. And of the Deciduata. - The Formation of the Decidua (vera, serotina, reﬂexa) in Man and in Apes - Eighteenth Stage: Semi-apes (prosimice). - Nineteenth Stage: Tailed Apes (menocerca). - Twentieth Stage Man-like Apes (anthropoides). Speechless and Speaking Men (mali. Homines) About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."Article| Ernst Haeckel| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man - Volume 2
☯ Full Synopsis : "The Evolution of Man - Volume 2 by Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel In turning from the embryology to the phylogeny of man-from the development of the individual to that of the species-we must bear in mind the direct causal connection that exists between these two main branches of the science of human evolution. This important causal nexus finds its simplest expression in "the fundamental law of organic development," the content and purport of which we have fully considered in the first chapter. According to this biogenetic law, ontogeny is a brief and condensed recapitulation of phylogeny. If this compendious reproduction were complete in all cases, it would be very easy to construct the whole story of evolution on an embryonic basis. When we wanted to know the ancestors of any higher organism, and, therefore, of man-to know from what forms the race as a whole has been evolved we should merely have to follow the series of forms in the development of the individual from the ovum; we could then regard each of the successive forms as the representative of an extinct ancestral form. However, this direct application of ontogenetic facts to phylogenetic ideas is possible, without limitations, only in a very small section of the animal kingdom. There are, it is true, still a number of lower invertebrates (for instance, some of the Zoophyta and Vermalia) in which we are justified in recognising at once each embryonic form as the historical reproduction, or silhouette, as it were, of an extinct ancestor. But in the great majority of the animals, and in the case of man, this is impossible, because the embryonic forms themselves have been modified through the change of the conditions of existence, and have lost their original character to some extent. During the immeasurable course of organic history, the many millions of years during which life was developing on our planet, secondary changes of the embryonic forms have taken place in most animals. The young of animals (not only detached larvae, but also the embryos enclosed in the womb) may be modified by the influence of the environment, just as well as the mature organisms are by adaptation to the conditions of life; even species are altered during the embryonic development. Moreover, it is an advantage for all higher organisms (and the advantage is greater the more advanced they are) to curtail and simplify the original course of development, and thus to obliterate the traces of their ancestors. The higher the individual organism is in the animal kingdom, the less completely does it reproduce in its embryonic development the series of its ancestors, for reasons that are as yet only partly known to us. The fact is easily proved by comparing the different developments of higher and lower animals in any single stem. We are delighted to publish this classic book as part of our extensive Classic Library collection. Many of the books in our collection have been out of print for decades, and therefore have not been accessible to the general public. The aim of our publishing program is to facilitate rapid access to this vast reservoir of literature, and our view is that this is a significant literary work, which deserves to be brought back into print after many decades. The contents of the vast majority of titles in the Classic Library have been scanned from the original works. To ensure a high quality product, each title has been meticulously hand curated by our staff. Our philosophy has been guided by a desire to provide the reader with a book that is as close as possible to ownership of the original work. We hope that you will enjoy this wonderful classic work, and that for you it becomes an enriching experience."Article| Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Haeckel Ernst Heinrich| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : What Darwin Got Wrong
☯ Full Synopsis : "Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini, a distinguished philosopher and scientist working in tandem, reveal major flaws at the heart of Darwinian evolutionary theory. They do not deny Darwin's status as an outstanding scientist but question the inferences he drew from his observations. Combining the results of cutting-edge work in experimental biology with crystal-clear philosophical argument they mount a devastating critique of the central tenets of Darwin's account of the origin of species. The logic underlying natural selection is the survival of the fittest under changing environmental pressure. This logic, they argue, is mistaken. They back up the claim with evidence of what actually happens in nature. This is a rare achievement - the short book that is likely to make a great deal of difference to a very large subject. What Darwin Got Wrong will be controversial. The authors' arguments will reverberate through the scientific world. At the very least they will transform the debate about evolution."Article| Jerry Fodor| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : A Troublesome Inheritance
☯ Full Synopsis : "Drawing on startling new evidence from the mapping of the genome, a careful new account of the genetic basis of race and its role in the human story. Few ideas have been more harmful than one race or another being inherently superior to others. For this understandable reason, discussion of biological differences between races has been virtually banished from polite academic conversation. Human evolution, the consensus view insists, ended in prehistory. Inconveniently, the consensus view cannot be right. Nicholas Wade, the esteemed science journalist who has long reported on new genetic advances for the New York Times, cities the mounting evidence that human evolution has continued to the present day. Because populations stayed in place for thousands of years, substantially isolated from one another, evolution has proceeded independently on each continent, giving rise to the various races of humankind. In A Troublesome Inheritance, Wade explores the possibility that recent human societies evolution has included changes in social behaviour and hence in the nature of human societies. He points to findings that middle-class social traits thrift, literacy, nonviolence have been slowly but surely inculcated genetically with agrarian populations, a process that culminated in the Industrial Revolution and the emergence of modern societies. The notable achievements of Jewish communities are explored as another possible example of human evolution within the historical period. Rejecting unequivocally the notion of racial superiority, A Trouble Inheritance argues that the evolution of the human races holds information critical to the understanding of human societies and history, and that the public interest is best served by pursing the scientific truth without fear."Article| Nicholas Wade| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Science of Human Evolution
☯ Full Synopsis : "This textbook provides a collection of case studies in paleoanthropology demonstrating the method and limitations of science. These cases introduce the reader to various problems and illustrate how they have been addressed historically. The various topics selected represent important corrections in the field, some critical breakthroughs, models of good reasoning and experimental design, and important ideas emerging from normal science."Article| John H. Langdon| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : How Men Age
☯ Full Synopsis : "While the health of aging men has been a focus of biomedical research for years, evolutionary biology has not been part of the conversation—until now. How Men Age is the first book to explore how natural selection has shaped male aging, how evolutionary theory can inform our understanding of male health and well-being, and how older men may have contributed to the evolution of some of the very traits that make us human. In this informative and entertaining book, renowned biological anthropologist Richard Bribiescas looks at all aspects of male aging through an evolutionary lens. He describes how the challenges males faced in their evolutionary past influenced how they age today, and shows how this unique evolutionary history helps explain common aspects of male aging such as prostate disease, loss of muscle mass, changes in testosterone levels, increases in fat, erectile dysfunction, baldness, and shorter life spans than women. Bribiescas reveals how many of the physical and behavioral changes that we negatively associate with male aging may have actually facilitated the emergence of positive traits that have helped make humans so successful as a species, including parenting, long life spans, and high fertility. Popular science at its most compelling, How Men Age provides new perspectives on the aging process in men and how we became human, and also explores future challenges for human evolution—and the important role older men might play in them."Article| Richard G. Bribiescas| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Beauty
☯ Full Synopsis : "A major reimagining of how evolutionary forces work, revealing how mating preferences--what Darwin termed "the taste for the beautiful"--create the extraordinary range of ornament in the animal world. In the great halls of science, dogma holds that Darwin's theory of natural selection explains every branch on the tree of life: which species thrive, which wither away to extinction, and what features each evolves. But can adaptation by natural selection really account for everything we see in nature? Yale University ornithologist Richard Prum--reviving Darwin's own views--thinks not. Deep in tropical jungles around the world are birds with a dizzying array of appearances and mating displays: Club-winged Manakins who sing with their wings, Great Argus Pheasants who dazzle prospective mates with a four-foot-wide cone of feathers covered in golden 3D spheres, Red-capped Manakins who moonwalk. In thirty years of fieldwork, Prum has seen numerous display traits that seem disconnected from, if not outright contrary to, selection for individual survival. To explain this, he dusts off Darwin's long-neglected theory of sexual selection in which the act of choosing a mate for purely aesthetic reasons--for the mere pleasure of it--is an independent engine of evolutionary change. Mate choice can drive ornamental traits from the constraints of adaptive evolution, allowing them to grow ever more elaborate. It also sets the stakes for sexual conflict, in which the sexual autonomy of the female evolves in response to male sexual control. Most crucially, this framework provides important insights into the evolution of human sexuality, particularly the ways in which female preferences have changed male bodies, and even maleness itself, through evolutionary time. The Evolution of Beauty presents a unique scientific vision for how nature's splendor contributes to a more complete understanding of evolution and of ourselves."Article| Richard O. Prum| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Ancestors in Our Genome
☯ Full Synopsis : "In 2001, scientists were finally able to determine the full human genome sequence, and with the discovery began a genomic voyage back in time. Since then, we have sequenced the full genomes of a number of mankind's primate relatives at a remarkable rate. The genomes of the common chimpanzee (2005) and bonobo (2012), orangutan (2011), gorilla (2012), and macaque monkey (2007) have already been identified, and the determination of other primate genomes is well underway. Researchers are beginning to unravel our full genomic history, comparing it with closely related species to answer age-old questions about how and when we evolved. For the first time, we are finding our own ancestors in our genome and are thereby gleaning new information about our evolutionary past. In Ancestors in Our Genome, molecular anthropologist Eugene E. Harris presents us with a complete and up-to-date account of the evolution of the human genome and our species. Written from the perspective of population genetics, and in simple terms, the book traces human origins back to their source among our earliest human ancestors, and explains many of the most intriguing questions that genome scientists are currently working to answer. For example, what does the high level of discordance among the gene trees of humans and the African great apes tell us about our respective separations from our common ancestor? Was our separation from the apes fast or slow, and when and why did it occur? Where, when, and how did our modern species evolve? How do we search across genomes to find the genomic underpinnings of our large and complex brains and language abilities? How can we find the genomic bases for life at high altitudes, for lactose tolerance, resistance to disease, and for our different skin pigmentations? How and when did we interbreed with Neandertals and the recently discovered ancient Denisovans of Asia? Harris draws upon extensive experience researching primate evolution in order to deliver a lively and thorough history of human evolution. Ancestors in Our Genome is the most complete discussion of our current understanding of the human genome available."Article| Eugene E. Harris| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Man (Complete)
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel| Statement ..."