♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Human Societies
☯ Full Synopsis : "Combining original theoretical ideas and interpretation with ethnographic evidence, Johnson and Earle seek to describe and account for the development of complex human societies. A wealth of case studies are referred to throughout and these are used to support arguments for the proposed causes, mechanisms and patterns of change and for the factors involved, such as technological change, population growth, warfare, the exchange of goods. This second edition sees a complete re-writing of the theoretical chapters, taking account of recent research, plus a new chapter on changes since the Industrial Revolution and the globalisation of society."Article| Allen W. Johnson| Statement ..."
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♥ Book Title : Social Evolution & History
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Ritual, Play, and Belief in Evolution and Early Human Societies
☯ Full Synopsis : "The origins of religion and ritual in humans have been the focus of centuries of thought in archaeology, anthropology, theology, evolutionary psychology and more. Play and ritual have many aspects in common, and ritual is a key component of the early cult practices that underlie the religious systems of the first complex societies in all parts of the world. This book examines the formative cults and the roots of religious practice from the earliest times until the development of early religion in the Near East, in China, in Peru, in Mesoamerica and beyond. Here, leading prehistorians and other specialists bring a fresh approach to the early practices that underlie the faiths and religions of the world. They demonstrate the profound role of play ritual and belief systems and offer powerful new insights into the emergence of early civilization."Article| Colin Renfrew| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : World Societies
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Surveys 10,000 years of social evolution from the earliest pre-industrial socities to the contemporary globalized world."- p.  of cover."Article| Stephen K. Sanderson| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Origins of Inequality in Human Societies
☯ Full Synopsis : "Since the beginning of social life human societies have faced the problem how to distribute the results of collaborative activities among the participants. The solutions they found ranged from egalitarian to unequal but caused more dissension and conflict than just about any other social structure in human history. Social inequality also dominated the agenda of the new field of sociology in the 19th century. The theories developed during that time still inform academic and public debates, and inequality continues to be the subject of much current controversy. Origins of Inequality begins with a critical assessment of classical explanations of inequality in the social sciences and the political and economic environment in which they arose. The book then offers a new theory of the evolution of distributive structures in human societies. It examines the interaction of chance, intent and unforeseen consequences in the emergence of social inequality, traces its irregular historical path in different societies, and analyses processes of social control which consolidated inequality even when it was costly or harmful for most participants. Because the evolution of distributive structures is an open process, the book also explores issues of distributive justice and options for greater equality in modern societies. Along with its focus on social inequality the book covers topics in cultural evolution, social and economic history and social theory. This book will appeal to scholars and advanced students of sociology, economics and anthropology – in particular sociological theory and social inequality."Article| Bernd Baldus| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Handbook of Evolution
☯ Full Synopsis : "This two-volume handbook is unique in spanning the entire field of evolution, from the origins of life up to the formation of social structures and science and technology. The author team of world-renowned experts considers the subject from a variety of disciplines, with continuous cross-referencing so as to retain a logical internal structure. The uniformly structured contributions discuss not merely the general knowledge behind the evolution of life, but also the corresponding development of language, society, economies, morality and politics. The result is an overview of the history and methods used in the study of evolution, including controversial theories and discussions. A must for researchers in the natural sciences, sociology and philosophy, as well as for those interested in an interdisciplinary view of the status of evolution today."Article| Franz M. Wuketits| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : On the Origin of Societies by Natural Selection
☯ Full Synopsis : "Kinship, religion, and economy were not "natural" to humans, nor to species of apes that had to survive on the African savanna. Society from its very beginnings involved an uneasy necessity that often stood in conflict with humans' ape ancestry; these tensions only grew along with later, more complex-eventually colossal-sociocultural systems. The ape in us was not extinguished, nor obviated, by culture; indeed, our ancestry continues to place pressures on individuals and their sociocultural creations. Not just an exercise in history, this pathbreaking book dispels many myths about the beginning of society to gain new understandings of the many pressures on societies today."Article| Jonathan H. Turner| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Primeval kinship
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Bernard Chapais| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Gale Researcher Guide for: Civilizations: The Evolution of Human Societies
☯ Full Synopsis : "Gale Researcher Guide for: Civilizations: The Evolution of Human Societies is selected from Gale's academic platform Gale Researcher. These study guides provide peer-reviewed articles that allow students early success in finding scholarly materials and to gain the confidence and vocabulary needed to pursue deeper research."Article| Julie C. Tatlock| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Memes, Societies and Human Evolution
☯ Full Synopsis : "Why has the human species been so successful? Richard Dawkins suggested in The Selfish Gene that it was the ability to transmit memes (or ideas) from generation to generation that distinguished humans from all other animals. Roger Heppleston has developed the concept of memes to explain how humans came to be the most successful large mammal on the Earth. An ambitious synthesis of history, anthropology, paleoanthropology, evolutionary theory and ecology, Memes, Societies and Human Evolution can claim to be the first complete history of human society written from this evolutionary perspective. The very success of humans is now threatening their future, as the level of human population and wealth has reached the limits that planet Earth can support. The study of human evolution gives an insight as to why humans seem unable to co-operate to avoid ecological threats like global warming. At the end of the book the author comes to an unexpected conclusion about the actions necessary to save the planet for our children."Article| Roger Heppleston| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Human Co-operation
☯ Full Synopsis : "How do people living in small groups without money, markets, police and rigid social classes develop norms of economic and social cooperation that are sustainable over time? This book addresses this fundamental question and explains the origin, structure and spread of stateless societies. Using insights from game theory, ethnography and archaeology, Stanish shows how ritual - broadly defined - is the key. Ritual practices encode elaborate rules of behavior and are ingenious mechanisms of organizing society in the absence of coercive states. As well as asking why and how people choose to co-operate, Stanish also provides the theoretical framework to understand this collective action problem. He goes on to highlight the evolution of cooperation with ethnographic and archaeological data from around of the world. Merging evolutionary game theory concepts with cultural evolutionary theory, this book will appeal to those seeking a transdisciplinary approach to one of the greatest problems in human evolution."Article| Charles Stanish| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Evolution of Human Sexuality
☯ Full Synopsis : "Anthropology, Sexual Studies, Psychology, Sociology, Gender and Cultural Studies"Article| Donald Symons| Statement ..."