♥ Book Title : Semantics of Natural Language
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| D. Davidson| Statement ..."
✩ Semantics Of Natural Language ✩
Top results of your surfing
✪ Semantics Of Natural Language ✪ Start Download Portable Document Format (PDF) and E-books (Electronic Books) Free Online Rating News 2016/2017 is books that can provide inspiration, insight, knowledge to the reader.
♥ Book Title : Abstract Objects and the Semantics of Natural Language
☯ Full Synopsis : "Abstract objects have been a topic of philosophical debate since antiquity. Philosophers have defended various views about abstract objects by appealing to metaphysical considerations, considerations regarding mathematics or science, and, not infrequently, intuitions about natural language. Friederike Moltmann takes a fresh approach and focuses on natural language to pursue the question of how and whether it allows for reference to abstract objects of varioussorts. She makes systematic use of contemporary linguistic semantics and explores a greater range of data and linguistic generalizations than has previously been brought to bear on philosophical discussions of the abstract. The resulting ontological picture is very different from that generally taken forgranted by philosophers, and even semanticists. Reference to abstract objects such as properties, numbers, propositions, degrees, and expression types is considerably more marginal than generally held. Instead, natural language is rather generous in allowing reference to particularized properties (tropes) and the use of expressions that despite their appearance do not actually act as referential expressions. Reference to truly abstract objects is largely restricted to noun phrases displaying aparticular complex linguistic structure that goes along with particular strategies of reification, such as the number eight. One type of expression that plays a central role in Moltmann's argument is quantifiers such as something, which can take the place of various non-referential expressions andplay a central role in various philosophical discussions. She defends an analysis of such quantifiers as nominalizing quantifiers, involving the same object-introducing strategies as corresponding nominalizations."Article| Friederike Moltmann| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Natural Language Semantics
☯ Full Synopsis : "Natural Language Semantics discusses fundamental concepts for linguistic semantics. This book combines theoretical explanations of several methods of inquiry with detailed semantic analysis and emphasises the philosophy that semantics is about meaning in human languages and that linguistic meaning is cognitively and functionally motivated."Article| Keith Allan| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Boolean Semantics for Natural Language
☯ Full Synopsis : "In the spring of 1978, one of the authors of this book was sitting in on a course in logic for linguists given by the other author. In attempting to present some of Montague's insights in an elementary way (hopefully avoid ing the notation which many find difficult at first), the authors began dis cussions aimed towards the construction of a simple model-theoretical semantic apparatus which could be applied directly to a small English-like language and used to illustrate the methods of formal logical interpretation. In these discussions two points impressed themselves on us. First, our task could be simplified by using boolean algebras and boolean homomorphisms in the models; and second, the boolean approach we were developing had much more widespread relevance to the logical structure of English than we first thought. During the summer and fall of 1978 we continued work on the system, proving the more fundamental theorems (including what we have come to call the Justification Theorem) and outlining the way in which an intensional interpretation scheme could be developed which made use of the boolean approach (which was originally strictly extensional). We presented our findings in a monograph (Keenan and Faltz, 1978) which the UCLA Linguistics Department kindly published as part of their series called Occa sional Papers in Linguistics; one of the authors also presented the system at a colloquium held at the Winter Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America in December 1978."Article| Edward L. Keenan| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Lingua Mentalis
☯ Full Synopsis : "Semantics of natural language; includes some Australian language examples."Article| Anna Wierzbicka| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Knowledge Representation and the Semantics of Natural Language
☯ Full Synopsis : "Natural Language is not only the most important means of communication between human beings, it is also used over historical periods for the pres- vation of cultural achievements and their transmission from one generation to the other. During the last few decades, the ?ood of digitalized information has been growing tremendously. This tendency will continue with the globali- tion of information societies and with the growing importance of national and international computer networks. This is one reason why the theoretical und- standing and the automated treatment of communication processes based on natural language have such a decisive social and economic impact. In this c- text, the semantic representation of knowledge originally formulated in natural language plays a central part, because it connects all components of natural language processing systems, be they the automatic understanding of natural language (analysis), the rational reasoning over knowledge bases, or the g- eration of natural language expressions from formal representations. This book presents a method for the semantic representation of natural l- guage expressions (texts, sentences, phrases, etc. ) which can be used as a u- versal knowledge representation paradigm in the human sciences, like lingu- tics, cognitive psychology, or philosophy of language, as well as in com- tational linguistics and in arti?cial intelligence. It is also an attempt to close the gap between these disciplines, which to a large extent are still working separately."Article| Hermann Helbig| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Formal Semantics of Natural Language
☯ Full Synopsis : "A volume of studies in natural language semantics which brings together work by philosophers, logicians and linguists. The main topics treated are: quantification and reference in natural language; the relations between formal logic, programming languages and natural language; pragmatics and discourse meaning; surface syntax and logical meaning. The volume derives from a colloquium organised in 1973 by the Kings College Research Centre, Cambridge and the papers have been edited for publication by Professor Keenan. It is hoped that the collection will make available some of the best work in this fast-moving field and will stimulate further progress by juxtaposing the different approaches and interests represented here."Article| Edward L. Keenan| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Linguistik und natuerliche Logik
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| George Lakoff| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Naive Semantics for Natural Language Understanding
☯ Full Synopsis : "This book introduces a theory, Naive Semantics (NS), a theory of the knowledge underlying natural language understanding. The basic assumption of NS is that knowing what a word means is not very different from knowing anything else, so that there is no difference in form of cognitive representation between lexical semantics and ency clopedic knowledge. NS represents word meanings as commonsense knowledge, and builds no special representation language (other than elements of first-order logic). The idea of teaching computers common sense knowledge originated with McCarthy and Hayes (1969), and has been extended by a number of researchers (Hobbs and Moore, 1985, Lenat et aI, 1986). Commonsense knowledge is a set of naive beliefs, at times vague and inaccurate, about the way the world is structured. Traditionally, word meanings have been viewed as criterial, as giving truth conditions for membership in the classes words name. The theory of NS, in identifying word meanings with commonsense knowledge, sees word meanings as typical descriptions of classes of objects, rather than as criterial descriptions. Therefore, reasoning with NS represen tations is probabilistic rather than monotonic. This book is divided into two parts. Part I elaborates the theory of Naive Semantics. Chapter 1 illustrates and justifies the theory. Chapter 2 details the representation of nouns in the theory, and Chapter 4 the verbs, originally published as "Commonsense Reasoning with Verbs" (McDowell and Dahlgren, 1987). Chapter 3 describes kind types, which are naive constraints on noun representations."Article| Kathleen Dahlgren| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Semantic Representation of Natural Language
☯ Full Synopsis : "Proposes robust onomasiological semantic formalism and applies it to a wide variety of linguistic phenomena."Article| Michael Levison| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Introduction to Natural Language Semantics
☯ Full Synopsis : "This introduction examines the semantics of natural languages."Article| Henriëtte de Swart| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Representation and Inference for Natural Language
☯ Full Synopsis : "How can computers distinguish the coherent from the unintelligible, recognize new information in a sentence, or draw inferences from a natural language passage? Computational semantics is an exciting new field that seeks answers to these questions, and this volume is the first textbook wholly devoted to this growing subdiscipline. The book explains the underlying theoretical issues and fundamental techniques for computing semantic representations for fragments of natural language. This volume will be an essential text for computer scientists, linguists, and anyone interested in the development of computational semantics."Article| Patrick Blackburn| Statement ..."