✩ Life Sentences In The Federal System ✩
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"Life Sentences in the Federal System"

♥ Book Title : Life Sentences in the Federal System
♣ Name Author : United States Sentencing Commission
∞ Launching : 2015-03-07
◊ Info ISBN Link : 1508768102
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9781508768104
⊕ Number Pages : Total 24 sheet
♮ News id : QE0bMQAACAAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Life imprisonment sentences are rare in the federal criminal justice system. Virtually all offenders convicted of a federal crime are released from prison eventually and return to society or, in the case of illegal aliens, are deported to their country of origin. Yet in fiscal year 2013 federal judges imposed a sentence of life imprisonment without parole on 153 offenders. Another 168 offenders received a sentence of a specific term of years that was so long it had the practical effect of being a life sentence. Although together these offenders represent only 0.4 percent of all offenders sentenced that year, this type of sentence sets them apart from the rest of the offender population. This report examines life sentences in the federal system and the offenders on whom this punishment is imposed. There are numerous federal criminal statutes that authorize a life imprisonment sentence to be imposed as the maximum sentence. The most commonly used of these statutes involve drug trafficking, racketeering, and firearms crimes. Additionally, there are at least 45 statutes that require a life sentence to be imposed as the minimum penalty. These mandatory minimum penalties generally are required in cases involving the killing of a federal official or other government employee, piracy, or repeat offenses involving drug trafficking or weapons. In fiscal year 2013, 69 of the 153 offenders who received a sentence of life imprisonment were subject to a mandatory minimum penalty requiring the court to impose that sentence."Article| United States Sentencing Commission| Statement ..."

"Life Imprisonment"

♥ Book Title : Life Imprisonment
♣ Name Author : Dirk van Zyl Smit
∞ Launching : 2019-01-14
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780674980662
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0674980662
⊕ Number Pages : Total 428 sheet
♮ News id : ENtwDwAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Life imprisonment has replaced the death penalty as the most common sentence imposed for heinous crimes worldwide. Consequently, it has become the leading issue of international criminal justice reform. In the first survey of its kind, Dirk van Zyl Smit and Catherine Appleton argue for a human rights–based reappraisal of this harsh punishment."Article| Dirk van Zyl Smit| Statement ..."

"Felony Sentences in the United States"

♥ Book Title : Felony Sentences in the United States
♣ Name Author : no defined
∞ Launching : 1997
◊ Info ISBN Link : STANFORD:36105129110834
⊗ Detail ISBN code :
⊕ Number Pages : Total 233 sheet
♮ News id : dW_o7sL-448C

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☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| no defined| Statement ..."

"Justice on Trial"

♥ Book Title : Justice on Trial
♣ Name Author : no defined
∞ Launching : 2000
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780756701222
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0756701228
⊕ Number Pages : Total 59 sheet
♮ News id : 2vhfiykzbs0C

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☯ Full Synopsis : "The U.S. has made significant progress toward ensuring equal treatment under law for all citizens. But in one arena -- criminal justice -- racial inequality is growing, not receding. Our criminal laws, while facially neutral, are enforced in a massively & pervasively biased manner. The injustices of the criminal justice system threaten to render irrelevant 50 years of hard-fought civil rights progress. This policy report examines the systematically unequal treatment of black & Hispanic Americans & other minorities as compared to their similarly situated white counterparts within the criminal justice system. It reviews the effects of such unequal treatment on these groups & on the criminal justice system."Article| no defined| Statement ..."

"Hard Bargains"

♥ Book Title : Hard Bargains
♣ Name Author : Mona Lynch
∞ Launching : 2016-11-15
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780871545114
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 087154511X
⊕ Number Pages : Total 206 sheet
♮ News id : hVgdDQAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "The convergence of tough-on-crime politics, stiffer sentencing laws, and jurisdictional expansion in the 1970s and 1980s increased the powers of federal prosecutors in unprecedented ways. In Hard Bargains, social psychologist Mona Lynch investigates the increased power of these prosecutors in our age of mass incarceration. Lynch documents how prosecutors use punitive federal drug laws to coerce guilty pleas and obtain long prison sentences for defendants—particularly those who are African American— and exposes deep injustices in the federal courts. As a result of the War on Drugs, the number of drug cases prosecuted each year in federal courts has increased fivefold since 1980. Lynch goes behind the scenes in three federal court districts and finds that federal prosecutors have considerable discretion in adjudicating these cases. Federal drug laws are wielded differently in each district, but with such force to overwhelm defendants’ ability to assert their rights. For drug defendants with prior convictions, the stakes are even higher since prosecutors can file charges that incur lengthy prison sentences—including life in prison without parole. Through extensive field research, Lynch finds that prosecutors frequently use the threat of extremely severe sentences to compel defendants to plead guilty rather than go to trial and risk much harsher punishment. Lynch also shows that the highly discretionary ways in which federal prosecutors work with law enforcement have led to significant racial disparities in federal courts. For instance, most federal charges for crack cocaine offenses are brought against African Americans even though whites are more likely to use crack. In addition, Latinos are increasingly entering the federal system as a result of aggressive immigration crackdowns that also target illicit drugs. Hard Bargains provides an incisive and revealing look at how legal reforms over the last five decades have shifted excessive authority to federal prosecutors, resulting in the erosion of defendants’ rights and extreme sentences for those convicted. Lynch proposes a broad overhaul of the federal criminal justice system to restore the balance of power and retreat from the punitive indulgences of the War on Drugs."Article| Mona Lynch| Statement ..."

"Crime, Justice, and Society"

♥ Book Title : Crime, Justice, and Society
♣ Name Author : Calvin J. Larson
∞ Launching : 1996
◊ Info ISBN Link : 1882289250
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9781882289257
⊕ Number Pages : Total 424 sheet
♮ News id : M7jNtwZs9VEC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "To find out more information about Rowman & Littlefield titles please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com."Article| Calvin J. Larson| Statement ..."

"Non-Citizens in the Federal Criminal Justice System, 1984-1994"

♥ Book Title : Non-Citizens in the Federal Criminal Justice System, 1984-1994
♣ Name Author : John Scalia
∞ Launching : 2011-04
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9781437930450
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 143793045X
⊕ Number Pages : Total 12 sheet
♮ News id : 3DYO77j-eC0C

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☯ Full Synopsis : "The number of non-citizens processed in the Federal criminal justice system increased an average 10% annually from 1984 to 1994. During 1984, 3,462 non-citizens were prosecuted in U.S. district courts; during 1994, more than 10,000 were prosecuted. The overall Federal criminal caseload increased at a much slower rate between 1984 and 1994 -- an average of less than 2% annually. During 1984, 49,000 defendants were prosecuted in U.S. district courts; during 1994 approx. 59,000 were prosecuted. The increase in the overall number of non-citizens prosecuted is primarily the result of the increase in the number of non-citizens charged with drug offenses. Illustrations. This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find report."Article| John Scalia| Statement ..."

"The Meaning of Life"

♥ Book Title : The Meaning of Life
♣ Name Author : Marc Mauer
∞ Launching : 2018-12-11
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9781620974100
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 162097410X
⊕ Number Pages : Total 204 sheet
♮ News id : KWhNDwAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "“I can think of no authors more qualified to research the complex impact of life sentences than Marc Mauer and Ashley Nellis. They have the expertise to track down the information that all citizens need to know and the skills to translate that research into accessible and powerful prose.” —Heather Ann Thompson, author of the Pulitzer Prize–winning Blood in the Water From the author of the classic Race to Incarcerate, a forceful and necessary argument for eliminating life sentences, including profiles of six people directly impacted by life sentences by formerly incarcerated author Kerry Myers Most Western democracies have few or no people serving life sentences, yet here in the United States more than 200,000 people are sentenced to such prison terms. Marc Mauer and Ashley Nellis of The Sentencing Project argue that there is no practical or moral justification for a sentence longer than twenty years. Harsher sentences have been shown to have little effect on crime rates, since people “age out” of crime—meaning that we’re spending a fortune on geriatric care for older prisoners who pose little threat to public safety. Extreme punishment for serious crime also has an inflationary effect on sentences across the spectrum, helping to account for severe mandatory minimums and other harsh punishments. A thoughtful and stirring call to action, The Meaning of Life also features moving profiles of a half dozen people affected by life sentences, written by former “lifer” and award-winning writer Kerry Myers. The book will tie in to a campaign spearheaded by The Sentencing Project and offers a much-needed road map to a more humane criminal justice system."Article| Marc Mauer| Statement ..."

"Childhood and Adolescence in Society"

♥ Book Title : Childhood and Adolescence in Society
♣ Name Author : CQ Researcher,
∞ Launching : 2011-01-07
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9781452236063
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 1452236062
⊕ Number Pages : Total 336 sheet
♮ News id : -RvLFjxUAbMC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "About CQ Researcher Readers In the tradition of nonpartisan and current analysis that is the hallmark of CQ Press, CQ Researcher readers investigate important and controversial policy issues. Childhood and Adolescence in Society aims to promote in-depth discussion, facilitate further research, and help readers formulate their own positions on crucial issues in the field, such as child soldiers, teen pregnancy, and violence and bullying. Offer your students the balanced reporting, complete overviews, and engaging writing that CQ Researcher has consistently provided for more than 80 years. Each article gives substantial background and analysis of a particular issue as well as useful pedagogical features to inspire critical thinking and to help students grasp and review key material. Key Features Pro/con boxes that examine two competing sides of a single question Detailed chronologies of key dates and events Annotated bibliographies and web resources Outlook sections that address possible regulation and initiatives from Capitol Hill and the White House over the next 5 to 10 years Photos, charts, graphs, and maps"Article| CQ Researcher,| Statement ..."

"Criminal Procedure"

♥ Book Title : Criminal Procedure
♣ Name Author : James R. Acker
∞ Launching : 2004
◊ Info ISBN Link : 0763731692
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9780763731694
⊕ Number Pages : Total 634 sheet
♮ News id : hEz3ZK5pATkC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "This essential resource provides students with an introduction to the rules and principles of criminal procedure law. This text uses a case study approach to help students develop the analytical skills necessary to understand the origins, context, and evolutions of the law; concentrates on US Supreme Court decisions interpreting both state and federal constitutions; and introduces students to the reference materials and strategies used for basic legal research."Article| James R. Acker| Statement ..."

"Guidelines Manual"

♥ Book Title : Guidelines Manual
♣ Name Author : United States Sentencing Commission
∞ Launching : 2001
◊ Info ISBN Link : MSU:31293022948396
⊗ Detail ISBN code :
⊕ Number Pages : Total 233 sheet
♮ News id : -7rGomt8oaQC

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☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| United States Sentencing Commission| Statement ..."

"Interrupted Life"

♥ Book Title : Interrupted Life
♣ Name Author : Rickie Solinger
∞ Launching : 2010-01-01
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780520252493
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0520252497
⊕ Number Pages : Total 458 sheet
♮ News id : dSGYWHAmsaQC

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☯ Full Synopsis : ""Striking, original, and stimulating. Even readers with extensive familiarity of the literature regarding women in prison will learn something new."--Mona Danner, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice"Article| Rickie Solinger| Statement ..."