♥ Book Title : Izmit (Kocaeli), Turkey, Earthquake of August 17, 1999 Including Duzce Earthquake of November 12, 1999
☯ Full Synopsis : "Prepared by the Earthquake Investigation Committee of the Technical Council of Lifeline Earthquake Engineering of ASCE. On August 17, 1999, the Izmit (Kocaeli) earthquake tore through Kocaeli, Turkey, resulting in more than 15,000 deaths and 27,000 injuries; 200,000 people were left homeless. The electric power system, nearly destroyed, sustained more than US$70 million in damage. Another earthquake on November 12, to the east of Izmit at Duzce, added to the lifeline systems damage, impacting the communications system, water and wastewater system, ports, railway, road, and bridges. This TCLEE Monograph provides information for practitioners to improve the performance of the lifeline systems. Topics include: seismology, geology, and geotechnical issues; electric power; airports; telecommunications; water and wastewater; transportation (highways and bridges); liquid fuel facilities; railway; ports; hospitals; social impacts; and emergency response and recovery."Article| Alex K. Tang| Statement ..."
✩ Izmit Kocaeli Turkey Earthquake Of August 17 1999 Including Duzce Earthquake Of November 12 1999 ✩
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♥ Book Title : Structural Control for Civil and Infrastructure Engineering
☯ Full Synopsis : "Structural control represents a high technology proposal for civil engineering innovation. This book collects the invited papers presented at the 3rd International Workshop on Structural Control. The geographical coverage and the high quality of the invited speaker's contributions make the book a unique update in the areas of intelligent structures, structural control and smart materials for civil and infrastructure engineers. Contents: An Identification Algorithm for Feedback Active Control (N D Anh); Application of Control Techniques to Masonry and Monumental Constructions (A Baratta et al.); Monitoring of Infrastructures in the Marine Environment (A Del Grosso); Health Monitoring and Optimum Maintenance Programs for Structures in Seismic Zones (L Esteva & E Heredia-Zavoni); Outline of Safety Evaluation of Structural Response-Control Buildings and Smart Structural Systems as Future Trends (K Yoshikazu & T Hiroyuki); Recent Developments in Smart Structures Research in India (S Narayanan & V Balamurugan); Perspective of Application of Active Damping of Cable Structures (A Preumont & F Bossens); Parametric and Nonparametric Adaptive Identification of Nonlinear Structural Systems (A W Smyth et al.); Active Control Requirements in Railway Projects (H Wenzel); and other papers. Readership: Civil engineers and scientists working in the areas of intelligent systems and smart materials."Article| Fabio Casciati| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Implications for Earthquake Risk Reduction in the United States from the Kocaeli, Turkey, Earthquake of August 17, 1999
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Thomas L. Holzer| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The 1999 İzmit and Düzce Earthquakes
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Aykut Barka| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Structural engineering reconnaissance of the August 17, 1999 earthquake: Kocaeli (Izmit), Turkey
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Halil Sezen| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Gölcük and Düzce earthquakes, 1999
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Recep Efe| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Paramount Role of Joints into the Reliable Response of Structures
☯ Full Synopsis : "A detailed presentation of the major role played by correctly designed and fabricated joints in the safe and reliable response of steel, composite and timber structures. The typology/morphology of connections is discussed for both conventional pinned and rigid joints and semi-rigid types. All relevant topics are comprehensively surveyed: definitions, classification, and influence of joint behaviour on overall structural response. Also presented are the application of the component method, the notion of rotational capacity, the local ductility of different types of earthquake-resistant structural joints as determined in cyclic experiments, numerical techniques for the realistic simulation of joint response, simple and moment-resistant structural connections. Readership: An incomparable resource for engineers who analyze and design steel, composite and timber structures; researchers and graduate students in the same areas."Article| C. C. Baniotopoulos| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Geodinamica Acta
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : System performance under multi-hazard environments
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Cagdas Kafali| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : System performance under multihazard environment
☯ Full Synopsis : "Natural hazards such as earthquakes, tropical and extratropical storms, tornadoes, floods and droughts are known for their destructive impacts on life, economy and environment. Although it is not possible to completely avoid damage due to such disasters, it may be possible to minimize their devastating effects by enhancing resilience in communities, that is, by reducing failure probability of infrastructural systems, consequences of system failures, and time to recovery. System failure probability and recovery time can be reduced by increased system performance through retrofitting and rehabilitation. However, due to limited resources and budget constraints, it is important to identify the most critical systems and prioritize their mitigation with the objective of minimizing the expected losses due to natural hazards. These decisions are based on performance level for a service and cost estimates. In addition to current hazard-specific vulnerability methods, a multihazard approach is necessary for assessing the long-term impact of mitigation strategies on system vulnerability, ensuring that strategies implemented to mitigate one hazard do not amplify the vulnerability to another hazard, and evaluating the relative importance of various hazards. This study presents a new methodology for (1) assessing performance of structural/nonstructural systems subjected to multiple hazards during their lifetime and (2) identifying a strategy from a collection of design alternatives that is optimal in some sense. System performance is measured by the total lifetime losses and the system fragility, that is, the probability that a system response exceeds a critical value subjected to a hazard event specified by its intensity and other parameters. Accordingly, fragility is a surface with support the defining parameters of a hazard. The methodology is based on site hazard analysis, system fragility analysis and capacity and cost estimation. The proposed methodology is probabilistic in nature since (1) the intensity and arrival time of different hazards, such as earthquakes and hurricanes, (2) the loads acting on the system due to a hazard event, such as, ground accelerations and wind velocities, and (3) some of the system characteristics, are generally uncertain. Consequently, probabilistic models are developed for characterizing natural hazards occurring at a given site at single/multiple points. These models specify (1) the random arrival times of individual events at a site during a reference time, (2) the random properties of the hazards under considerations at these times, and (3) the random loads acting on the system due to each event. For a system in a multihazard environment the occurrence of both individual and coincidental hazard events are considered. We present two methods for estimating system fragility, crossing theory of stochastic processes and Monte Carlo simulation. The proposed models are implemented in computer programs and the life-cycle risk analysis methodology is illustrated through numerical examples. In the first example MCEER West Coast Demonstration Hospital is analyzed to identify an optimal rehabilitation strategy with respect to total life-cycle losses using the concepts of seismic activity matrix and fragility surfaces. It is shown that proposed retrofitting alternatives do not change the mean value of the life-cycle costs significantly, however, the probability of exceeding large costs is lower for the retrofitted systems. The second example discusses the case of a typical offshore platform under earthquake and hurricane hazards. This example demonstrates how different hazards can be dominant at different reliability levels. The last example presents a method for selecting an optimal maintenance policy for a deteriorating system by minimizing the total life-cycle cost such that system reliability at any given time is greater than a specified level. (Abstract)."Article| Cagdas Kafali| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Annual Meeting
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Ḥevrah ha-geʾologit ha-Yiśreʾelit| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Underwater Ground Failures on Tsunami Generation, Modeling, Risk and Mitigation
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| no defined| Statement ..."