♥ Book Title : Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health
☯ Full Synopsis : "WHO has published several reports in the past on this topic with the last one being published in 2011; this report of 2014 has some unique features. First, it describes some progress made in alcohol policy development in WHO member States after endorsement of the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol in 2010. Second, this report provides a wealth of information on alcohol-related indicators for the comprehensive global monitoring framework for the prevention and control of NCDs adopted by the 66th World Health Assembly. The global monitoring framework was developed fulfilling the mandate given by the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) and includes the voluntary target of a 10% relative reduction in harmful use of alcohol by 2025 against 2010 baseline. And thirdly, this report presents an overview of some mechanisms and pathways which are behind the impact of harmful use of alcohol on public health. This report provides a global overview on alcohol consumption in relation to public health (Chapter 1) as well as information on: the consumption of alcohol in populations (Chapter 2); the health consequences of alcohol consumption (Chapter 3); and policy responses at national level (Chapter 4). The report also contains country profiles for all 193 WHO Member States as well as data tables to support information provided in chapters 2-4 (Appendices I-III) and a section explaining data sources and methods used in this report (Appendix IV)."Article| World Health Organization| Statement ..."
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♥ Book Title : Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health
☯ Full Synopsis : "***This book has been highly commended in the public health category at the British Medical Association Medical Book Awards 2012*** in recent years a greater number of countries have been providing increasingly concise data allowing WHO to create a more comprehensive picture of the global situation on alcohol useand its health consequences. However many gaps remain in the data so a detailed exactpicture cannot be clearly drawn for all countries and regions. This information is critical formonitoring progress in reducing the harmful use of alcohol at all levels and since endorsementof the Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol by World Health Assembly formonitoring and evaluation of progress made in implementation of the global strategy. the Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health (2011) presents a comprehensive perspectiveon the worldwide regional and country consumption of alcohol patterns of drinking healthconsequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a continuing effort by WHOto support Member States with global information in their efforts to reduce the harmful use ofalcohol and its health and social consequences."Article| World Health Organization| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004
☯ Full Synopsis : "Estimates indicate that there are about 76 million people with diagnosed alcohol use disorders worldwide, resulting in a significant public health burden. This report reviews the current situation regarding alcohol consumption and drinking patterns among various population groups at global, regional and national levels, examines the public health implications in relation to alcohol-related injury and disease, and considers health policy options. The report updates the analysis of the first status report published in 1999 (ISBN 0119870746), and it includes a CD-ROM with individual country profiles for all Member States for which sufficient data were available, with a range of indicators including per capita consumption, prevalence and drinking patterns, and the social and economic costs of alcohol abuse."Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Health and Social Effects of Nonmedical Cannabis Use
☯ Full Synopsis : "Cannabis is globally the most commonly used psychoactive substance under international control. In 2013, an estimated 181.8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for nonmedical purposes globally (UNODC, 2015). There is an increasing demand for treatment for cannabis-use disorders and associated health conditions in high- and middle-income countries. This report focuses on nonmedical use of cannabis, building on contributions from a broad range of experts and researchers from different parts of the world. It aims to present current knowledge on the impact of nonmedical cannabis use on health, from its impact on brain development to its role in respiratory diseases. The potential medical utility of cannabis -- including the pharmacology, toxicology and possible therapeutic applications of the cannabis plant -- is outside the scope of this report."Article| World Health Organization| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : European Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2010
☯ Full Synopsis : "The disease burden attributable to harmful use of alcohol is significant and in many countries public health problems caused by it represent a substantial health, social and economic burden. Reduction of harmful use of alcohol is becoming a priority area on national, regional and global levels. Alcohol-related harm can be reduced through the implementation of proven alcohol strategies. The report presents the latest data from Europe in the areas of alcohol consumption, harm and responses. Data is presented in consolidated tables and graphs and for each participating country there is a country profile with some of the key indicators from the survey performed in 2009."Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Global Status Report
☯ Full Synopsis : "The Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004 is a new edition of the Report published by WHO in 1999. This edition provides an update of the role of alcohol in global health and contains data not found in the earlier edition. The Report seeks to document what is known about alcohol consumption and drinking patterns among various population groups, alcohol's impact on health worldwide and what is needed on a global basis to prevent and reduce alcohol-related injury and disease. For this new edition, more emphasis has been placed on enhancing the comparability of data by setting clear and comprehens."Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol
☯ Full Synopsis : "Every year, the harmful use of alcohol kills 2.5 million people, including 320,000 young people between 15 and 29 years of age. It is the eighth leading risk factor for deaths globally, and harmful use of alcohol was responsible for almost 4% of all deaths in the world, according to the estimates for 2004. In addition to the resolution, a global strategy developed by WHO in close collaboration with Member States provides a portfolio of policy options and interventions for implementation at the national level with the goal to reduce the harmful use of alcohol worldwide. Ten recommended target areas for policy options include health services' responses, community action, pricing policies and reducing the public health impact of illicit alcohol and informally produced alcohol. WHO was also requested to support countries in implementing the strategy and monitor progress at global, regional and national levels."Article| World Health Organization| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Young People and Alcohol
☯ Full Synopsis : "Over the last few decades, great advances have been made in the science studying the effects of alcohol consumption on health and what can be done to reduce these effects, which are far greater than previously assumed. WHO has therefore accorded high priority to reducing alcohol related harm in all parts of the world. This publication is meant for anyone who has an interest in the health and welfare of young people in the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). It compiles what is known about the effects of alcohol consumption on young people, the current situation in the Region regarding drinking among young people and what can be done to limit the resulting harm."Article| Who Regional Office for the Western Pacific| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Global Status Report On Alcohol
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| World Health Organization Staff| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Alcohol and Injuries
☯ Full Synopsis : "Alcohol-attributable injuries are of a growing concern to the public health community, with alcohol-related injuries such as road traffic accidents, burns, poisonings, falls and drownings making up more than a third of the disease burden attributable to alcohol consumption. This publication synthesizes results of a number of hospital emergency department studies conducted in different cultural and health care settings, including the WHO Collaborative Study on Alcohol and Injuries. It provides an introduction to the epidemiology of alcohol-related injuries and refers to methodological issues of emergency department studies. It addresses public policy implications and equips the reader with practical information on interventions that can be implemented in emergency departments, such as screening and brief interventions for hazardous and harmful drinking. This book has been compiled by an international group of editors with extensive experience in the area of alcohol and injuries."Article| World Health Organization| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : European Action Plan to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol
☯ Full Synopsis : ""The European Region of WHO has the unenviable position of being the region of the world with the highest levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol related harm. This is a challenge. Relatively simple and inexpensive action can, however, bring rapid and considerable gains in population health and well-being, enhanced employment and productivity, increased health and social welfare savings, greater health and economic equality, and greater social cohesion and inclusion. A public health response is, therefore, feasible and effective. With its first European alcohol action plan in 1992, the European Region has been at the forefront in providing leadership to reduce the harm done by alcohol. Spurred on by the momentum for action brought on by the 2010 global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, the Region can maintain this world leadership role through the launch of a re-invigorated European action plan to reduce the harmful use of alcohol 2012-2020. The importance of the harmful use of alcohol as a public health priority, with action integral to successful promotion of well-being and healthy lifestyles and reduction of the burden of noncommunicable disease, as well as some communicable diseases, should never be underestimated. Even though only half the world's population drinks alcohol, it is the third leading cause of ill health and premature death globally, after low birth weight and unsafe sex, and greater than tobacco. Alcohol is teratogenic, affecting the developing fetus; neurotoxic, affecting brain development; intoxicating, causing a wide range of intentional and unintentional injuries; carcinogenic, causing a wide range of cancers; an immunosuppressant, increasing the risk of communicable diseases, and a cause of a range of cardiovascular diseases. Alcohol harms people other than the drinker, whether through violence, traffic accidents, domestic violence in the family, or simply using up government resources. The greater the exposure to heavy drinking, the greater the impact on quality of life. Economic efficiency is impaired through diminished productivity due to alcohol. The real risk of dying from an alcohol-related condition increases with the amount of alcohol consumed over a lifetime, with heavy drinking occasions (when most alcohol is drunk) being particularly risky. The action plan was endorsed by 53 European Member States at the Regional Committee for Europe in September 2011 in Baku, Azerbaijan. It includes a wide range of policies and programmes that are relatively easy and cheap to implement, can reduce the harmful use of alcohol, promote health and well-being, improve productivity, and enhance human, health and social capital across the life course from birth to old age. This action plan proposes a range of options for the 10 action areas of the global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol that all European Member States can engage in. With leadership and commitment, all Member States can strengthen their actions on alcohol and subsequently gain from the resulting health and economic rewards."--P. v."Article| Who Regional Office for Europe| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Alcohol, Power and Public Health
☯ Full Synopsis : "In recent years, the reduction of alcohol-related harm has emerged as a major policy issue across Europe. Public health advocates, supported by the World Health Organisation, have challenged an approach that targets problem-drinking individuals, calling instead for governments to control consumption across whole populations through a combination of pricing strategies, restrictions on retail availability and marketing regulations. Alcohol, Power and Public Health explores the emergence of the public health perspective on alcohol policy in Europe, the strategies alcohol control policy advocates have adopted, and the challenges they have faced in the political context of both individual states and the European Union. The book provides a historical perspective on the development of alcohol policy in Europe using four case studies – Denmark, England, Scotland and Ireland. It explores the relationship between evidence, values and power in a key area of political decision-making and considers what conditions create – or prevent – policy change. The case studies raise questions as to who sets policy agendas, how social problems are framed and defined, and how governments can balance public health promotion against both commercial interests and established cultural practices. This book will be of interest to academics and researchers in policy studies, public health, social science, and European Union studies."Article| Shane Butler| Statement ..."