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"The Epic of Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : The Epic of Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : Eren Sarı
∞ Launching : 2017-01-08
◊ Info ISBN Link :
⊗ Detail ISBN code :
⊕ Number Pages : Total 91 sheet
♮ News id : zB_cDQAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Gilgamesh is the semi-mythic King of Uruk best known from The Epic of Gilgamesh (written c. 2150-1400 BCE) the great Sumerian/Babylonian poetic work which pre-dates Homer’s writing by 1500 years and, therefore, stands as the oldest piece of epic western literature. Gilgamesh’s father was the Priest-King Lugalbanda (who is featured in two poems concerning his magical abilities which pre-date Gilgamesh) and his mother the goddess Ninsun (the Holy Mother and Great Queen) and, accordingly, Gilgamesh was a demi-god who was said to have lived an exceptionally long life (The Sumerian King List records his reign as 126 years) and to be possessed of super-human strength. Known as 'Bilgames’ in the Sumerian, 'Gilgamos’ in Greek, and associated closely with the figure of Dumuzi from the Sumerian poem The Descent of Inanna, Gilgamesh is widely accepted as the historical 5th king of Uruk whose influence was so profound that myths of his divine status grew up around his deeds and finally culminated in the tales found in The Epic of Gilgamesh. In the Sumerian tale of Inanna and the Huluppu Tree, in which the goddess Inanna plants a troublesome tree in her garden and appeals to her family for help with it, Gilgamesh appears as her loyal brother who comes to her aid. In this story, Inanna (the goddess of love and war and one of the most powerful and popular of Mesopotamian deities) plants a tree in her garden with the hope of one day making a chair and bed from it. The tree becomes infested, however, by a snake at its roots, a female demon (lilitu) in its center, and an Anzu bird in its branches. No matter what, Inanna cannot rid herself of the pests and so appeals to her brother, Utu, god of the sun, for help. Utu refuses but her plea is heard by Gilgamesh who comes, heavily armed, and kills the snake. The demon and Anzu bird then flee and Gilgamesh, after taking the branches for himself, presents the trunk to Inanna to build her bed and chair from. This is thought to be the first appearance of Gilgamesh in heroic poetry and the fact that he rescues a powerful and potent goddess from a difficult situation shows the high regard in which he was held even early on.The historical king was eventually accorded completely divine status as a god. He was seen as the brother of Inanna, one of the most popular goddesses, if not the most popular, in all of Mesopotamia. Prayers found inscribed on clay tablets address Gilgamesh in the afterlife as a judge in the Underworld comparable in wisdom to the famous Greek judges of the Underworld, Rhadamanthus, Minos, and Aeacus. GILGAMESH IS WIDELY ACCEPTED AS THE HISTORICAL 5TH KING OF URUK WHOSE INFLUENCE WAS SO PROFOUND THAT MYTHS DEVELOPED OF HIS DIVINE STATUS. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, the great king is thought to be too proud and arrogant by the gods and so they decide to teach him a lesson by sending the wild man, Enkidu, to humble him. Enkidu and Gilgamesh, after a fierce battle in which neither are bested, become friends and embark on adventures together. When Enkidu is struck with death, Gilgamesh falls into a deep grief and, recognizing his own mortality through the death of his friend, questions the meaning of life and the value of human accomplishment in the face of ultimate extinction. Casting away all of his old vanity and pride, Gilgamesh sets out on a quest to find the meaning of life and, finally, some way of defeating death. In doing so, he becomes the first epic hero in world literature. The grief of Gilgamesh, and the questions his friend's death evoke, resonate with every human being who has wrestled with the meaning of life in the face of death. Although Gilgamesh ultimately fails to win immortality in the story, his deeds live on through the written word and, so, does he. Part of Tablet V, the Epic of Gilgamesh Since The Epic of Gilgamesh existed in oral form long before it was written down, there has been much debate over whether the extant tale is more early Sumerian or later Babylonian in cultural influence. The best preserved version of the story comes from the Babylonian writer Shin-Leqi-Unninni (wrote 1300-1000 BCE) who translated, edited, and may have embellised upon, the original story. Regarding this, the Sumerian scholar Samuel Noah Kramer writes: Of the various episodes comprising The Epic of Gilgamesh, several go back to Sumerian prototypes actually involving the hero Gilgamesh. Even in those episodes which lack Sumerian counterparts, most of the individual motifs reflect Sumerian mythic and epic sources. In no case, however, did the Babylonian poets slavishly copy the Sumerian material. They so modified its content and molded its form, in accordance with their own temper and heritage, that only the bare nucleus of the Sumerian original remains recognizable. As for the plot structure of the epic as a whole - the forceful and fateful episodic drama of the restless, adventurous hero and his inevitable disillusionment - it is definitely a Babylonian, rather than a Sumerian, development and achievement. (History Begins at Sumer, 270). Historical evidence for Gilgamesh’s existence is found in inscriptions crediting him with the building of the great walls of Uruk (modern day Warka, Iraq) which, in the story, are the tablets upon which he first records his great deeds and his quest for the meaning of life. There are other references to him by known historical figures of his time (26th century BCE) such as King Enmebaragesi of Kish and, of course, the Sumerian King List and the legends which grew up around his reign. In the present day, Gilgamesh is still spoken of and written about. A German team of Archaeologists claim to have discovered the Tomb of Gilgamesh in April of 2003 CE. Archaeological excavations, conducted through modern technology involving magnetization in and around the old riverbed of the Euphrates, have revealed garden enclosures, specific bulidings, and structures described in The Epic of Gilgamesh including the great king’s tomb. According to legend, Gilgmesh was buried at the bottom of the Euphrates when the waters parted upon his death."Article| Eren Sarı| Statement ..."

"Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : John Gardner
∞ Launching : 2011-09-28
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780307760821
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0307760820
⊕ Number Pages : Total 320 sheet
♮ News id : yviB9uv3A0AC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "The story of Gilgamesh, an ancient epic poem written on clay tablets in a cuneiform alphabet, is as fascinating and moving as it is crucial to our ability to fathom the time and the place in which it was written. Gardner's version restores the poetry of the text and the lyricism that is lost in the earlier, almost scientific renderings. The principal theme of the poem is a familiar one: man's persistent and hopeless quest for immortality. It tells of the heroic exploits of an ancient ruler of the walled city of Uruk named Gilgamesh. Included in its story is an account of the Flood that predates the Biblical version by centuries. Gilgamesh and his companion, a wild man of the woods named Enkidu, fight monsters and demonic powers in search of honor and lasting fame. When Enkidu is put to death by the vengeful goddess Ishtar, Gilgamesh travels to the underworld to find an answer to his grief and confront the question of mortality. From the Trade Paperback edition."Article| John Gardner| Statement ..."

"Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : Herbert Mason
∞ Launching : 2003-07-08
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780547526607
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0547526601
⊕ Number Pages : Total 128 sheet
♮ News id : -p55MaIctcYC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "National Book Award Finalist: The most widely read and enduring interpretation of this ancient Babylonian epic. One of the oldest and most universal stories known in literature, the epic of Gilgamesh presents the grand, timeless themes of love and death, loss and reparations, within the stirring tale of a hero-king and his doomed friend. A National Book Award finalist, Herbert Mason’s retelling is at once a triumph of scholarship, a masterpiece of style, and a labor of love that grew out of the poet’s long affinity with the original. “Mr. Mason’s version is the one I would recommend to the first-time reader.” —Victor Howes, The Christian Science Monitor “Like the Tolkien cycle, this poem will be read with profit and joy for generations to come.” —William Alfred, Harvard University"Article| Herbert Mason| Statement ..."

"The Epic of Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : The Epic of Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : no defined
∞ Launching : 1973-10-25
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780141907185
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0141907185
⊕ Number Pages : Total 128 sheet
♮ News id : agjLXHJo9bgC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Gilgamesh, King of Uruk, and his companion Enkidu are the only heroes to have survived from the ancient literature of Babylon, immortalized in this epic poem that dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. Together they journey to the Spring of Youth, defeat the Bull of Heaven and slay the monster Humbaba. When Enkidu dies, Gilgamesh's grief and fear of death are such that they lead him to undertake a quest for eternal life. A timeless tale of morality, tragedy and pure adventure, The Epic of Gilgamesh is a landmark literary exploration of man's search for immortality."Article| no defined| Statement ..."

"Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : Stephen Mitchell
∞ Launching : 2014-02-27
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9781847653833
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 1847653839
⊕ Number Pages : Total 285 sheet
♮ News id : mhglAwAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Vivid, enjoyable and comprehensible, the poet and pre-eminent translator Stephen Mitchell makes the oldest epic poem in the world accessible for the first time. Gilgamesh is a born leader, but in an attempt to control his growing arrogance, the Gods create Enkidu, a wild man, his equal in strength and courage. Enkidu is trapped by a temple prostitute, civilised through sexual experience and brought to Gilgamesh. They become best friends and battle evil together. After Enkidu's death the distraught Gilgamesh sets out on a journey to find Utnapishtim, the survivor of the Great Flood, made immortal by the Gods to ask him the secret of life and death. Gilgamesh is the first and remains one of the most important works of world literature. Written in ancient Mesopotamia in the second millennium B.C., it predates the Iliad by roughly 1,000 years. Gilgamesh is extraordinarily modern in its emotional power but also provides an insight into the values of an ancient culture and civilisation."Article| Stephen Mitchell| Statement ..."

"The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic"

♥ Book Title : The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic
♣ Name Author : Jeffrey H. Tigay
∞ Launching : 2002
◊ Info ISBN Link : 0865165467
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9780865165465
⊕ Number Pages : Total 384 sheet
♮ News id : cxjuHTH6I2sC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Special Features- Aims to show how The Gilgamesh Epic developed from its earliest to its latest form- Systematic, step-by-step tracking of the stylistic, thematic, structural, and theological changes in The Gilgamesh Epic- Relation of changes to factors (geographical, political, religious, literary) that may have prompted them- Attempts to identify the sources (biographical, historical, literary, folkloric) of the epic's themes, and to suggest what may have been intended by use of these themes- Extensive bibliography- Indices"Article| Jeffrey H. Tigay| Statement ..."

"The Archetypal Significance of Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : The Archetypal Significance of Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : Rivkah Schärf Kluger
∞ Launching : 1991-01-01
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9783856305239
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 3856305238
⊕ Number Pages : Total 238 sheet
♮ News id : oALOCGuQHK0C

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☯ Full Synopsis : "A Jungian psychoanalytical interpretation of the Gilgamesh Epic."Article| Rivkah Schärf Kluger| Statement ..."

"The Epic of Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : The Epic of Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : John Harris
∞ Launching : 2001-05-29
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780595178636
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0595178634
⊕ Number Pages : Total 105 sheet
♮ News id : P31wFC_7xiYC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "The Epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest written chronicle in the world, composed two to three thousand years before Christ. It tells events in the life of a king in an ancient Sumerian city of Mesopotamia.In the tradition of the Greek Iliad or the medieval Beowulf, the heroic central figure is admired for his prowess and power; he is a warrior, whose greatest adventures are here recounted, sometimes fantastic and ultimately magical, as he ventures beyond the bounds of the world. The Epic of Gilgamesh is an artifact of the first civilization, that which is the father and mother of our own civilization. It is like the great-great-great-grandparent whose name you do not know but without whom you would not exist. There are many matters that are not believable to us—monsters, deities, and places that we do not think exist, nor ever existed. Yet we can perceive in Gilgamesh a person like ourselves. This is the story of a man, not a god. We understand him, even if we do not understand or believe all that he does. Gilgamesh is the first literature of mankind to express the human condition."Article| John Harris| Statement ..."

"Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels"

♥ Book Title : Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels
♣ Name Author : Alexander Heidel
∞ Launching : 1949
◊ Info ISBN Link : 0226323986
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9780226323985
⊕ Number Pages : Total 269 sheet
♮ News id : iRwMQVdZegAC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Cuneiform records made some three thousand years ago are the basis for this essay on the ideas of death and the afterlife and the story of the flood which were current among the ancient peoples of the Tigro-Euphrates Valley. With the same careful scholarship shown in his previous volume, The Babylonian Genesis, Heidel interprets the famous Gilgamesh Epic and other related Babylonian and Assyrian documents. He compares them with corresponding portions of the Old Testament in order to determine the inherent historical relationship of Hebrew and Mesopotamian ideas."Article| Alexander Heidel| Statement ..."

"The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic"

♥ Book Title : The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic
♣ Name Author : A. R. George
∞ Launching : 2003
◊ Info ISBN Link : 0199278415
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9780199278411
⊕ Number Pages : Total 986 sheet
♮ News id : 21xxZ_gUy_wC

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"Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : Yusef Komunyakaa
∞ Launching : 2009-07-01
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780819568250
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0819568252
⊕ Number Pages : Total 94 sheet
♮ News id : 0jlpMJN6e3wC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "The first dramatic adaptation of Gilgamesh"Article| Yusef Komunyakaa| Statement ..."

"The Epic of Gilgamesh"

♥ Book Title : The Epic of Gilgamesh
♣ Name Author : R. Thompson
∞ Launching : 2013-10-20
◊ Info ISBN Link : 1493548778
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9781493548774
⊕ Number Pages : Total 82 sheet
♮ News id : ylOWngEACAAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "The Epic of Gilgamesh is among the earliest surviving works of literature, with the earliest versions dating from around the Third Dynasty of Ur in early Sumeria (2150-2000 BC). Preserved in Cuneiform, the Epic was retold over the centuries, and the most complete version was discovered in the ruins of the library palace of the seventh century BC Assyrian king, Ashurbanipal. The Epic is most notable as being the obvious source of the biblical story of Noah and the flood. Taken up into Judaism, and then into Christianity, the book of Genesis copies almost every detail of the flood from the earlier Sumerian work. The Epic tells the story of the king of Uruk, Gilgamesh, and his adventures with his erstwhile foe and then friend, Enkidu. Together they journey to the Cedar Mountain to defeat Humbaba, its monstrous guardian, then they kill the Bull of Heaven, which the goddess Ishtar sends to punish Gilgamesh for spurning her advances. As a punishment for these actions, the gods sentence Enkidu to death. Gilgamesh then sets out to avoid his friend's fate and seek the secret to eternal life, a quest in which he is ultimately thwarted. Contains original author's preface and a new overview of the storyline. Contents: Author's Preface Overview of the Storyline of the Epic of Gilgamesh The First Tablet: Of the Tyranny of Gilgamesh, and the Creation of Enkidu The Second Tablet: Of the Meeting of Gilgamesh and Enkidu The Third Tablet: The Expedition to the Forest of Cedars against Humbaba The Fourth Tablet: The Arrival at the Gate of the Forest The Fifth Tablet: Of the Fight with Humbaba The Sixth Tablet: Of the Goddess Ishtar, Who Fell In Love with the Hero after His Exploit against Humbaba The Seventh Tablet: The Death of Enkidu The Eighth Tablet: Of the Mourning of Gilgamesh, and What Came of It The Ninth Tablet: Gilgamesh in Terror of Death Seeks Eternal Life The Tenth Tablet: How Gilgamesh Reached Uta-Napishtim The Eleventh Tablet: The Flood The Twelfth Tablet: Gilgamesh, In Despair, Enquires of the Dead."Article| R. Thompson| Statement ..."