♥ Book Title : Crits Notes on Water and Ion Exchange
☯ Full Synopsis : "Listed alphabetically from A-Z, "Crits Notes on Water and Ion Exchange" was compiled from the author's 50 years of water treatment field service experience. A number of real-world examples including charts, illustrate how to set up systems for different types of water treatment applications."Article| George Crits| Statement ..."
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♥ Book Title : Crits Notes on Water and Ion Exchange
☯ Full Synopsis : "Annotation Listed alphabetically from A-Z, Crtis Notes on Water and Ion Exchange was compiled with over 50 years of water treatment field service experience. George Crits has produced a full body of work on water treatment and ion exchange system maintenance which includes: - His compilation of field notes, charts, and formulas, for the water treatment professional. - Real world examples, references and observations that are used in the field. - Contact listings of suppliers, including company specific products and prices. - Field exercises and experiments that are useful to the professional working in the water treatment field. - Observations and tips that George Crits has compiled over his long career in the field of water treatment. A number of real world examples including charts, illustrate how to set up systems for different types of water treatment applications."Article| George J. Crits| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Constructive Engineering of Large Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants
☯ Full Synopsis : "1. REVERSE OSMOSIS BASIC CONCEPTS - 2. FEED WATER TYPE AND ANALYSIS - 3. RAW WATER REQUIREMENTS - 4. SEA WATER INTAKE - 5. SEA WATER DOSING SYSTEMS - 6. REVERSE OSMOSIS PRETREATMENT CONVENTIONAL PRETREATMENT - 7. REVERSE OSMOSIS PRETREATMENT MICROFILTRATION and ULTRAFILTRATION - 8. MATERIALS - 9. REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANES - 10. PRESSURE VESSELS AND RACKS - 11. REVERSE OSMOSIS PUMPS - 12. RECOVERY SYSTEMS - 13. REVERSE OSMOSIS RACKS CONTROL - 14. REVERSE OSMOSIS RACKS EQUIPMENT - 15. RACKS CLEANING SYSTEM and FLUSHING - 16. TREATED WATER CONDITIONING - 17. TREATED WATER DEPOSIT AND PUMPING - 18. NEUTRALIZATION, EFFLUENTS TREATMENT AND BRINE DISCHARGE - 19. ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT - 20. CONTROL SYSTEMS - 21. VARIOUS EQUIPMENT - 22. COST EVALUATION OF DESALINATION PLANTS - BISAC: 1: TEC005050 Technology & Engineering : Construction - HVAC 2: TEC009070 Technology & Engineering : Mechanical 3: TEC010030 Technology & Engineering : Environmental - Water Supply"Article| Author: Pedro Maria Gonzalez Olabarria| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Practical Boiler Water Treatment Handbook
☯ Full Synopsis : "PARTIAL CONTENTS - PART - I. BOILER BASICS - Chapter 1. Boiler - An Introduction - Chapter 2. Classification of Boilers - Chapter 3. Common Terms and Explanation - PART - II. BOILER WATER TROUBLES - Chapter 4. Impurities in Water and Their Effects - Chapter 5. Boiler Water Troubles - A Prelude - Chapter 6. Scale Formation - Chapter 7. Silica Carryover - Chapter 8. Scale Formation in Economizers - Chapter 9. Super Heater and Turbine Deposits - Chapter 10. Corrosion - Basic Information - Chapter 11. General Corrosion (Overall Corrosion / Acidic Corrosion) - Chapter 12. Dissolved Oxygen Corrosion (Pitting Corrosion) - Chapter 13. Carbondioxide Corrosion - Chapter 14. Corrosion caused by Unstable Salts - Chapter 15. Corrosion caused by Other Substances - Chapter 16. Corrosion caused by Chelants (Chelant Corrosion) - Chapter 17. Caustic Embrittlement and Caustic Gouging - Chapter 18. Hydrogen Embrittlement - Chapter 19. Condensate Corrosion - Chapter 20. Preboiler Corrosion - Chapter 21. Economizer Corrosion - Chapter 22. Super Heater and Turbine Corrosion - Chapter 23. Foaming, Priming & Carryover - PART - III. WATER QUALITY REQUIREMENTS AND TREATMENT PROGRAMS - Chapter 24. Quality Requirements for Feed Water and Boiler Water - Chapter 25. Objectives of Boiler Water Treatment - Chapter 26. External Treatment and Internal Treatment - Chapter 27. Water Treatment programs - Guidelines - PART - IV. EXTERNAL TREATMENT - Chapter 28. External Treatment - A Prelude - Chapter 29. Coagulation (Removal of Color, Turbidity and Suspended Matter) - Chapter 30. Filtration - Chapter 31. Softening by Chemical Method (Lime - Soda Softening) - Chapter 32. Ion Exchange Resins and Treatment Methods - Chapter 33. Softening by Ion-Exchange Method - Chapter 34. Dealkalization - Chapter 35. Demineralization (Deionization) - Chapter 36. Mixed Bed Deionization - Chapter 37. Reverse Osmosis - Chapter 38. Evaporation - Chapter 39. Silica Removal - Chapter 40. Oil Removal - Chapter 41. Condensate Treatment (Condensate Polishing) - Chapter 42. Deaeration (Mechanical Removal of Oxygen) - PART - V. INTERNAL TREATMENT - Chapter 43. Internal Boiler Water Treatment - A Prelude - Chapter 44. Organic Polymers and Their Role as Scale Inhibitors, Dispersants and Sludge Conditioners in Boiler Water Treatment - Chapter 45. Internal Treatment - Chemical Feeding - Chapter 46. Prevention of Scale Formation - Chapter 47. Sludge Conditioning - Chapter 48. Prevention of Corrosion - An Introduction - Chapter 49. Prevention of Corrosion Due to Low pH - Chapter 50. Prevention of Pitting Corrosion Using Oxygen Scavengers (Chemical Removal of Oxygen) - Chapter 51. Prevention of Caustic Embrittlement and Caustic Gouging - Chapter 52. Prevention of Chelant Corrosion - Chapter 53. Prevention of Condensate Corrosion - Chapter 54. Prevention of Pre-Boiler Corrosion - Chapter 55. Prevention of Economizer Corrosion - Chapter 56. Prevention of Foaming, Priming & Carryover - Chapter 57. Prevention of Silica Carryover - Chapter 58. Boiler Blow Down - PART - VI. BOILER WATER TREATMENT - IMPORTANT CALCULATIONS - Chapter 59. Basic Conversion Factors - Chapter 60. Water Softening - Calculations - Chapter 61. Cycles of Concentration, Blowdown, Feed Water and Makeup Water - Calculations - Chapter 62. Determination of Dosage of Chemicals - PART - VII. BOILER START UP, CLEANING, LAY UP AND MAINTENANCE - Chapter 63. Boiler Startup (Pre-operational Cleaning) - Chapter 64. Descaling and Boiler Cleaning - Chapter 65. Boiler LayUp - Chapter 66. Boiler Maintenance - PART - VIII. CHEMICALS HANDLING, SOLUTION PREPARATION AND FEEDERS - Chapter 67. Chemicals Handling and Storage - Chapter 68. Preparation of Solutions and Suspensions - Chapter 69. Chemical Feeders - PART - IX. ANALYSIS OF WATER AND STEAM - See Website for full Table of Contents www.chemical-publishing.com"Article| Natarajan Manivasakam| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Selected Water Resources Abstracts
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| no defined| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Advanced Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment: A Road to Safer Society and Environment
☯ Full Synopsis : "Stable, safe, secure and readily available water supply is one of the key factors in ensuring a good level of the public health and a stable society. Scientific assessments show that about 80 % of diseases and one-third of the total death toll in the developing countries are caused by the low quality of the drinking water. Other countries are also suffering from water shortages and insufficient quality of the drinking water. Many rivers in Europe and in other parts of the world are significantly polluted by insufficiently treated or untreated wastewater discharge. This book is based on the discussions and papers prepared for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop that took place in Lviv, Ukraine, and addressed recent advances in water supply and wastewater treatment as a prerequisite for a safer society and environment. The contributions critically assess the existing knowledge on urban water management and provide an overview of the current water management issues, especially in the countries in transition in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Mediterranean Dialogue countries."Article| Petr Hlavinek| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Microbiology of Cooling Water
☯ Full Synopsis : "management of cooling water systems and the bacteria that live in them. Includes studies and testing of microbicides and other microorganisms that infest recirculating cooling water systems and factors influencing their health and growth. Tests biological oxidation processes as a way of reusing treated effluents as an important method of water conservation in the petroleum refining and chemical processing industries. Explores practical methods for controlling microorganisms in cooling water; including working with chlorine dioxide as a microbicide. Methods are given for identifying and evaluating toxicants and bacteria that lead to fouling and staining of cooling water systems."Article| James W. McCoy| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Boiler Water Treatment Principles and Practice
☯ Full Synopsis : "Table of Contents: About the Author - Saturated steam temperatures at various boiler pressures - Boiler Energy and Power Units - Typical gross heating values of common fuels (based on approximately 80% fuel to steam efficiency) - Typical energy consumption and output ratings for a fire tube boiler - Steam tables suitable for pressure deaerators - Calculating Blowdown - Coefficients of thermal conductivity for some heat-exchanger metals and boiler deposits - Types of water or steam commonly employed in most HW heating and steam generating plants - Commonly occurring minerals in natural MU water sources - Specific waterside / steamside problems affecting MPHW and HPHW boiler plants - Salt concentration indicators - Summary of waterside / steamside problems affecting LPHW and LP steam heating boiler plants - FW contamination from MU water - FW contamination from returned condensate - Problems associated with the final FW blend - Deposition of boiler section waterside surfaces by alkaline earth metal salts, other inorganic salts and organics - Silica and silicate crystalline scales and deposits affecting boiler section waterside surfaces - Iron oxide and other boiler section corrosion debris deposits - Boiler section corrosion problems involving oxygen, concentration cells and low pH - Stress and high temperature related corrosion - Steam purity, quality and other operational problems - Specification for grades of high-quality water suitable for higher pressure WT boilers - Practical considerations for a RW ion-exchange softener - Types of Internal Treatment Program - Carbonate Cycle Requirement Calculations - Phosphate-Cycle Requirement Calculations - A Guide to Tannin Residuals in BW - Carbonate-Cycle Program. BW Carbonate Reserve Requirements by Pressure and Sulfate Concentration - Carbonate-Cycle Coagulation and Precipitation Program. Recommended BW Control Limits for Non-Highly-Rated FT Boilers Employing Hard or Partially Softened FW - Phosphate-Cycle Coagulation and Precipitation Program. Recommended BW Control Limits for Non-Highly-Rated FT Boilers Employing Hard, Partially Softened, or Fully Softened FW - Phosphate-Cycle Coagulation and Precipitation Program. Recommended BW Control Limits for Non-Highly-Rated WT Boilers Employing Hard, Partially Softened, or Fully Softened FW - Chelant demand (ppm product) per 1ppm substrate EDTA Chelant or All-Polymer/All-Organic Program. Recommended BW Control Limits for Fired WT Boilers Employing Demineralized or Similar Quality FW - Oxygen Solubility at Atmospheric Pressure - Properties of Oxygen Scavengers - Carbon Dioxide Evolution from FW Alkalinity - Amine Requirement to Reach a Stable Condensate pH - Amine Basicity Dissociation Constants - Neutralizing Amine Summary Notes - Some DR values for CO2, NH3 and neutralizing amines at various pressures - Calculating Alkalinity Feed-Rate Requirements - [ASME Consensus table 1: Suggested water chemistry limits. Industrial watertube, high duty, primary fuel fired, drum typeMakeup water percentage: Up to 100% of feedwater. Conditions: Includes superheater, turbine drives or process restriction on steam purity] - [ASME Consensus table 2: Suggested chemistry limits. Industrial watertube, high duty, primary fuel fired, drum type] - [ASME Consensus table 3: Suggested chemistry limits. Industrial firetube, high duty, primary fuel fired] - [ASME Consensus table 4: Suggested water chemistry limits. Industrial coil type, watertube, high duty, primary fuel fired rapid steam generators] - [ASME Consensus table 5: Suggested water chemistry limits. Marine propulsion, watertube, oil fired drum type] - [ASME Consensus table 6: Suggested water chemistry limits. Electrode, high voltage, forced circulation jet type] - Notes"Article| Colin Frayne| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Mineral Scale Formation and Inhibition
☯ Full Synopsis : "This book documents the proceedings of the symposium, "Mineral Scale Formation and Inhibition," held at the American Chemical Society Annual Meeting August 21 to 26, 1994, in Washington, D. C. The symposium, sponsored by the Division of Colloid and Surface Chemistry, was held in honor of Professor George H. Nancollas for his pioneering work in the field of crystal growth from solution. A total of 30 papers were presented by a wide spectrum of scientists. This book also includes papers that were not presented but were in the symposium program. The separation of a solid by crystallization is one of the oldest and perhaps the most frequently used operations in chemistry. Because of its widespread applicability, in recent years there has been considerable interest exhibited by academic and industrial scientists in understanding the mechanisms of crystallization of sparingly soluble salts. The salt systems of great interest in industrial water treatment area (i. e. , cooling and boiler) include carbon ates, sulfates, phosphates, and phosphonates of alkaline earth metals. Although not as common as calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate, barium and strontium sulfates have long plagued oil field and gas production operations. The build-up of these sparingly soluble salts on equipment surfaces results in lower heat transfer efficiency, increased corrosion rates, increased pumping costs, etc. In the laundry application, insoluble calcium carbonate tends to accumulate on washed fabrics and washing equipment parts, resulting in undesirable fabric-encrustation or scaling."Article| Z. Amjad| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Fish Handling and Processing
☯ Full Synopsis : "Contents - Acknowledgements - Foreword - Illustrations - Chapter 1. About this book - Chapter 2. The handling of fish at sea - Chapter 3. The handling and distribution of fish on land - Chapter 4. The smoking of fish - Chapter 5. Salt curing - Chapter 6. Drying - Chapter 7. Freezing and cold storage - Chapter 8. Thawing - Chapter 9. Canning - Chapter 10. Fish meal and oil - Chapter 11. Retailing - Chapter 12. Fish as living animals - Chapter 13. What fish are made of - Chapter 14. Fish and physics - Chapter 15. Fish spoilage - Chapter 16. Instruments - Chapter 17. How to find out more - Index -"Article| G. H. O. Burgess| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Industrial Water Quality Requirements
☯ Full Synopsis : ""The intention of writing this book is to provide comprehensive information on the quality requirements of water for each industrial use in a single volume. Almost all the major wet processing industries and quality requirements of water for such industrial processes are described in this book in detail" -- Preface, p. [i]"Article| N. Manivasakam| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Salinity and Water Stress
☯ Full Synopsis : "Salinity and water stress limit crop productivity worldwide and generate substantial economic losses each year, yet innovative research on crop and natural resource management can reveal cost-effective ways in which farmers can increase both their productivity and their income. Presenting recent research findings on salt stress, water stress and stress-adapted plants, this book offers insights into new strategies for increasing the efficiency of crops under stressful environments. The strategies are based on conventional breeding and advanced molecular techniques used by plant physiologists, and are discussed using specific case studies to illustrate their potential. The book emphasizes the effects of environmental factors on specific stages of plant development, and discusses the role of plant growth regulators, nutrients, osmoprotectants and antioxidants in counteracting their adverse affects. Synthesising updated information on mechansisms of stress tolerance at cell, tissue and whole-plant level, this book provides a useful reference text for post graduate students and researchers involved in the fields of stress physiology and plant physiology in general, with additional readership amongst researchers in horticulture, agronomy, crop science, conservation, environmental management and ecological restoration."Article| M. Ashraf| Statement ..."