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"Africa as a Living Laboratory"

♥ Book Title : Africa as a Living Laboratory
♣ Name Author : Helen Tilley
∞ Launching : 2011-04-15
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780226803470
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0226803473
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : vPrBhdBOzAMC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Tropical Africa was one of the last regions of the world to experience formal European colonialism, a process that coincided with the advent of a range of new scientific specialties and research methods. Africa as a Living Laboratory is a far-reaching study of the thorny relationship between imperialism and the role of scientific expertise—environmental, medical, racial, and anthropological—in the colonization of British Africa. A key source for Helen Tilley’s analysis is the African Research Survey, a project undertaken in the 1930s to explore how modern science was being applied to African problems. This project both embraced and recommended an interdisciplinary approach to research on Africa that, Tilley argues, underscored the heterogeneity of African environments and the interrelations among the problems being studied. While the aim of British colonialists was unquestionably to transform and modernize Africa, their efforts, Tilley contends, were often unexpectedly subverted by scientific concerns with the local and vernacular. Meticulously researched and gracefully argued, Africa as a Living Laboratory transforms our understanding of imperial history, colonial development, and the role science played in both."Article| Helen Tilley| Statement ..."

"Africa as a Living Laboratory"

♥ Book Title : Africa as a Living Laboratory
♣ Name Author : Helen Tilley
∞ Launching : 2011-04-15
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780226803487
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0226803481
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : kKjMb9prwLwC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Tropical Africa was one of the last regions of the world to experience formal European colonialism, a process that coincided with the advent of a range of new scientific specialties and research methods. Africa as a Living Laboratory is a far-reaching study of the thorny relationship between imperialism and the role of scientific expertise—environmental, medical, racial, and anthropological—in the colonization of British Africa. A key source for Helen Tilley’s analysis is the African Research Survey, a project undertaken in the 1930s to explore how modern science was being applied to African problems. This project both embraced and recommended an interdisciplinary approach to research on Africa that, Tilley argues, underscored the heterogeneity of African environments and the interrelations among the problems being studied. While the aim of British colonialists was unquestionably to transform and modernize Africa, their efforts, Tilley contends, were often unexpectedly subverted by scientific concerns with the local and vernacular. Meticulously researched and gracefully argued, Africa as a Living Laboratory transforms our understanding of imperial history, colonial development, and the role science played in both."Article| Helen Tilley| Statement ..."

"Cognitive Systems Engineering"

♥ Book Title : Cognitive Systems Engineering
♣ Name Author : Michael D. McNeese, Peter Kent Forster
∞ Launching : 2017-07-14
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9781351651448
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 1351651447
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : sFAsDwAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "This book provides a framework for integrating complex systems that are problem-centric, human-centered, and provides an interdisciplinary, multi-methodological purview of multiple perspectives surrounding the human factors/human actors within living ecosystems. This book will provide useful theoretical and practical information to human factors, human-computer interaction, cognitive systems engineering personnel who are currently engaged in human-centered design or other applied aspects of modeling, simulation, and design that requires joint understanding of theory and practice."Article| Michael D. McNeese, Peter Kent Forster| Statement ..."

"Ordering Africa"

♥ Book Title : Ordering Africa
♣ Name Author : Helen L. Tilley
∞ Launching : 2011-12-20
◊ Info ISBN Link : 0719082129
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9780719082122
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : 6XtrQgAACAAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "African research played a major role in transforming the discipline of anthropology in the twentieth century. Ethnographic studies, in turn, had significant effects on the way imperial powers in Africa approached subject peoples. Ordering Africa provides the first comparative history of these processes. With essays exploring metropolitan research institutes, Africans as ethnographers, the transnational features of knowledge production, and the relationship between anthropology and colonial administration, this volume both consolidates and extends a range of new research questions focusing on the politics of imperial knowledge. Specific chapters examine French West Africa, the Belgian and French Congo, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Italian Northeast Africa, Kenya, and Equatorial Africa (Gabon) as well as developments in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. A major collection of essays that will be welcomed by scholars interested in imperial history and the history of Africa."Article| Helen L. Tilley| Statement ..."

"Lab Girl"

♥ Book Title : Lab Girl
♣ Name Author : Hope Jahren
∞ Launching : 2016-04-05
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9781101874943
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 1101874945
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : 16TSCQAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Autobiography A New York Times 2016 Notable Book National Best Seller Named one of TIME magazine’s "100 Most Influential People" An Amazon Top 20 Best Book of 2016 A Washington Post Best Memoir of 2016 A TIME and Entertainment Weekly Best Book of 2016 An illuminating debut memoir of a woman in science; a moving portrait of a longtime friendship; and a stunningly fresh look at plants that will forever change how you see the natural world Acclaimed scientist Hope Jahren has built three laboratories in which she’s studied trees, flowers, seeds, and soil. Her first book is a revelatory treatise on plant life—but it is also so much more. Lab Girl is a book about work, love, and the mountains that can be moved when those two things come together. It is told through Jahren’s remarkable stories: about her childhood in rural Minnesota with an uncompromising mother and a father who encouraged hours of play in his classroom’s labs; about how she found a sanctuary in science, and learned to perform lab work done “with both the heart and the hands”; and about the inevitable disappointments, but also the triumphs and exhilarating discoveries, of scientific work. Yet at the core of this book is the story of a relationship Jahren forged with a brilliant, wounded man named Bill, who becomes her lab partner and best friend. Their sometimes rogue adventures in science take them from the Midwest across the United States and back again, over the Atlantic to the ever-light skies of the North Pole and to tropical Hawaii, where she and her lab currently make their home. Jahren’s probing look at plants, her astonishing tenacity of spirit, and her acute insights on nature enliven every page of this extraordinary book. Lab Girl opens your eyes to the beautiful, sophisticated mechanisms within every leaf, blade of grass, and flower petal. Here is an eloquent demonstration of what can happen when you find the stamina, passion, and sense of sacrifice needed to make a life out of what you truly love, as you discover along the way the person you were meant to be."Article| Hope Jahren| Statement ..."

"Demands of the Day"

♥ Book Title : Demands of the Day
♣ Name Author : Paul Rabinow, Anthony Stavrianakis
∞ Launching : 2013-05-23
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780226036885
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 022603688X
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : mosmYhIXf6kC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Demands of the Day asks about the logical standards and forms that should guide ethical and experimental anthropology in the twenty-first century. Anthropologists Paul Rabinow and Anthony Stavrianakis do so by taking up Max Weber’s notion of the “demands of the day.” Just as the demand of the day for anthropology decades ago consisted of thinking about fieldwork, today, they argue, the demand is to examine what happens after, how the experiences of fieldwork are gathered, curated, narrated, and ultimately made available for an anthropological practice that moves beyond mere ethnographic description. Rabinow and Stavrianakis draw on experiences from an innovative set of anthropological experiments that investigated how and whether the human and biological sciences could be brought into a mutually enriching relationship. Conceptualizing the anthropological and philosophic ramifications of these inquiries, they offer a bold challenge to contemporary anthropology to undertake a more rigorous examination of its own practices, blind spots, and capacities, in order to meet the demands of our day."Article| Paul Rabinow, Anthony Stavrianakis| Statement ..."

"Birders of Africa"

♥ Book Title : Birders of Africa
♣ Name Author : Nancy J. Jacobs
∞ Launching : 2016-04-26
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780300209617
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0300209614
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : t8ffCwAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "In this unique and unprecedented study of birding in Africa, historian Nancy Jacobs reconstructs the collaborations between well-known ornithologists and the largely forgotten guides, hunters, and taxidermists who worked with them. Drawing on ethnography, scientific publications, private archives, and interviews, Jacobs asks: How did white ornithologists both depend on and operate distinctively from African birders? What investment did African birders have in collaborating with ornithologists? By distilling the interactions between European science and African vernacular knowledge, this stunningly illustrated work offers a fascinating examination of the colonial and postcolonial politics of expertise about nature."Article| Nancy J. Jacobs| Statement ..."

"On Knowing--The Natural Sciences"

♥ Book Title : On Knowing--The Natural Sciences
♣ Name Author : Richard P. McKeon, David B. Owen, Zahava K. McKeon
∞ Launching : 1994-01-15
◊ Info ISBN Link : 0226560279
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9780226560274
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : c_Tyc8rG0rQC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Well before the current age of discourse, deconstruction, and multiculturalism, Richard McKeon propounded a philosophy of pluralism showing how "facts" and "values" are dependent on diverse ways of reading texts. This book is a transcription of an entire course, including both lectures and student discussions, taught by McKeon. As such, it provides an exciting introduction to McKeon's conception of pluralism, a central aspect of neo-Pragmatism, while demonstrating how pluralism works in a classroom setting. In his lectures, McKeon outlines the entire history of Western thinking on the sciences. Treating the central concepts of motion, space, time, and cause, he traces modern intellectual debates back to the ancient Greeks, notably Plato, Aristotle, Democritus, and the Sophists. As he brings the story of Western science up to the twentieth century, he uses his fabled semantic schema (reproduced here for the first time) to uncover new ideas and observations about cosmology, mechanics, dynamics, and other aspects of physical science. Illustrating the broad historical sweep of the lectures are a series of discussions which give detail to the course's intellectual framework. These discussions of Plato, Aristotle, Galileo, Newton, and Maxwell are perhaps the first published rendition of a philosopher in literal dialogue with his students. Led by McKeon's pointed questioning, the discussions reveal the difficulties and possibilities of learning to engage in serious intellectual communication."Article| Richard P. McKeon, David B. Owen, Zahava K. McKeon| Statement ..."

"The Nature of Scientific Evidence"

♥ Book Title : The Nature of Scientific Evidence
♣ Name Author : Mark L. Taper, Subhash R. Lele
∞ Launching : 2010-12-15
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780226789583
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0226789586
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : ivwGWFM-VssC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "An exploration of the statistical foundations of scientific inference, The Nature of Scientific Evidence asks what constitutes scientific evidence and whether scientific evidence can be quantified statistically. Mark Taper, Subhash Lele, and an esteemed group of contributors explore the relationships among hypotheses, models, data, and inference on which scientific progress rests in an attempt to develop a new quantitative framework for evidence. Informed by interdisciplinary discussions among scientists, philosophers, and statisticians, they propose a new "evidential" approach, which may be more in keeping with the scientific method. The Nature of Scientific Evidence persuasively argues that all scientists should care more about the fine points of statistical philosophy because therein lies the connection between theory and data. Though the book uses ecology as an exemplary science, the interdisciplinary evaluation of the use of statistics in empirical research will be of interest to any reader engaged in the quantification and evaluation of data."Article| Mark L. Taper, Subhash R. Lele| Statement ..."

"Empowering Science and Mathematics Education in Urban Schools"

♥ Book Title : Empowering Science and Mathematics Education in Urban Schools
♣ Name Author : Edna Tan, Angela Calabrese Barton, Erin Turner, Maura Varley Gutiérrez
∞ Launching : 2012-08-15
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780226037998
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0226037991
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : VCFQpPYJqU4C

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Math and science hold powerful places in contemporary society, setting the foundations for entry into some of the most robust and highest-paying industries. However, effective math and science education is not equally available to all students, with some of the poorest students—those who would benefit most—going egregiously underserved. This ongoing problem with education highlights one of the core causes of the widening class gap. While this educational inequality can be attributed to a number of economic and political causes, in Empowering Science and Mathematics Education in Urban Communities, Angela Calabrese Barton and Edna Tan demonstrate that it is augmented by a consistent failure to integrate student history, culture, and social needs into the core curriculum. They argue that teachers and schools should create hybrid third spaces—neither classroom nor home—in which underserved students can merge their personal worlds with those of math and science. A host of examples buttress this argument: schools where these spaces have been instituted now provide students not only an immediate motivation to engage the subjects most critical to their future livelihoods but also the broader math and science literacy necessary for robust societal engagement. A unique look at a frustratingly understudied subject, Empowering Science and Mathematics Education pushes beyond the idea of teaching for social justice and into larger questions of how and why students participate in math and science."Article| Edna Tan, Angela Calabrese Barton, Erin Turner, Maura Varley Gutiérrez| Statement ..."

"Transient Workspaces"

♥ Book Title : Transient Workspaces
♣ Name Author : Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga
∞ Launching : 2014-09-19
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780262027243
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0262027240
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : vRyEBAAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "In this book, Clapperton Mavhunga views technology in Africa from an African perspective. Technology in his account is not something always brought in from outside, but is also something that ordinary people understand, make, and practice through their everyday innovations or creativities -- including things that few would even consider technological. Technology does not always originate in the laboratory in a Western-style building but also in the society in the forest, in the crop field, and in other places where knowledge is made and turned into practical outcomes. African creativities are found in African mobilities. Mavhunga shows the movement of people as not merely conveyances across space but transient workspaces. Taking indigenous hunting in Zimbabwe as one example, he explores African philosophies of mobilities as spiritually guided and of the forest as a sacred space. Viewing the hunt as guided mobility, Mavhunga considers interesting questions of what constitutes technology under regimes of spirituality. He describes how African hunters extended their knowledge traditions to domesticate the gun, how European colonizers, with no remedy of their own, turned to indigenous hunters for help in combating the deadly tsetse fly, and examines how wildlife conservation regimes have criminalized African hunting rather than enlisting hunters (and their knowledge) as allies in wildlife sustainability. The hunt, Mavhunga writes, is one of many criminalized knowledges and practices to which African people turn in times of economic or political crisis. He argues that these practices need to be decriminalized and examined as technologies of everyday innovation with a view toward constructive engagement, innovating with Africans rather than for them."Article| Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga| Statement ..."

"London Is the Place for Me"

♥ Book Title : London Is the Place for Me
♣ Name Author : Kennetta Hammond Perry
∞ Launching : 2016-01-04
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780190240202
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 0190240202
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : yn-hCgAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Black people in the British Empire have long challenged the notion that "there ain't no black in the Union Jack." For the post-World War II wave of Afro-Caribbean migrants, many of whom had long been subjects of the Empire, claims to a British identity and imperial citizenship were considered to be theirs by birthright. However, while Britain was internationally touted as a paragon of fair play and equal justice, they arrived in a nation that was frequently hostile and unwilling to incorporate Black people into its concept of what it meant to be British. Black Britons therefore confronted the racial politics of British citizenship and became active political agents in challenging anti-Black racism. In a society with a highly racially circumscribed sense of identity-and the laws, customs, and institutions to back it up-Black Britons had to organize and fight to assert their right to belong. In London Is The Place for Me, Kennetta Hammond Perry explores how Afro-Caribbean migrants navigated the politics of race and citizenship in Britain and reconfigured the boundaries of what it meant to be both Black and British at a critical juncture in the history of Empire and twentieth century transnational race politics. She situates their experience within a broader context of Black imperial and diasporic political participation, and examines the pushback-both legal and physical-that the migrants' presence provoked. Bringing together a variety of sources including calypso music, photographs, migrant narratives, and records of grassroots Black political organizations, London Is the Place for Me positions Black Britons as part of wider public debates both at home and abroad about citizenship, the meaning of Britishness and the politics of race in the second half of the twentieth century. The United Kingdom's postwar discriminatory curbs on immigration and explosion of racial violence forced White Britons as well as Black to question their perception of Britain as a racially progressive society and, therefore, to question the very foundation of their own identities. Perry's examination expands our understanding of race and the Black experience in Europe and uncovers the critical role that Black people played in the formation of contemporary British society."Article| Kennetta Hammond Perry| Statement ..."

"Feminism in Twentieth-Century Science, Technology, and Medicine"

♥ Book Title : Feminism in Twentieth-Century Science, Technology, and Medicine
♣ Name Author : Angela N. H. Creager, Elizabeth Lunbeck, Londa L. Schiebinger
∞ Launching : 2001-11-01
◊ Info ISBN Link : 0226120244
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 9780226120249
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : 4wzOvPx2LwIC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "What useful changes has feminism brought to science? Feminists have enjoyed success in their efforts to open many fields to women as participants. But the effects of feminism have not been restricted to altering employment and professional opportunities for women. The essays in this volume explore how feminist theory has had a direct impact on research in the biological and social sciences, in medicine, and in technology, often providing the impetus for fundamentally changing the theoretical underpinnings and practices of such research. In archaeology, evidence of women's hunting activities suggested by spears found in women's graves is no longer dismissed; computer scientists have used feminist epistemologies for rethinking the human-interface problems of our growing reliance on computers. Attention to women's movements often tends to reinforce a presumption that feminism changes institutions through critique-from-without. This volume reveals the potent but not always visible transformations feminism has brought to science, technology, and medicine from within. Contributors: Ruth Schwartz Cowan Linda Marie Fedigan Scott Gilbert Evelynn M. Hammonds Evelyn Fox Keller Pamela E. Mack Michael S. Mahoney Emily Martin Ruth Oldenziel Nelly Oudshoorn Carroll Pursell Karen Rader Alison Wylie"Article| Angela N. H. Creager, Elizabeth Lunbeck, Londa L. Schiebinger| Statement ..."

"The Land Is Dying"

♥ Book Title : The Land Is Dying
♣ Name Author : Paul Wenzel Geissler, Ruth Jane Prince
∞ Launching : 2010-06-30
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9781845458027
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 1845458028
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : DqjPtujGvwgC

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☯ Full Synopsis : "Based on several years of ethnographic fieldwork, the book explores life in and around a Luo-speaking village in western Kenya during a time of death. The epidemic of HIV/AIDS affects every aspect of sociality and pervades villagers' debates about the past, the future and the ethics of everyday life. Central to such debates is a discussion of touch in the broad sense of concrete, material contact between persons. In mundane practices and in ritual acts, touch is considered to be key to the creation of bodily life as well as social continuity. Underlying the significance of material contact is its connection with growth – of persons and groups, animals, plants and the land – and the forward movement of life more generally. Under the pressure of illness and death, economic hardship and land scarcity, as well as bitter struggles about the relevance and application of Christianity and 'Luo tradition' in daily life, people find it difficult to agree about the role of touch in engendering growth, or indeed about the aims of growth itself."Article| Paul Wenzel Geissler, Ruth Jane Prince| Statement ..."

"The New Math"

♥ Book Title : The New Math
♣ Name Author : Christopher J. Phillips
∞ Launching : 2014-12-04
◊ Info ISBN Link : 9780226185019
⊗ Detail ISBN code : 022618501X
⊕ Number Pages : Total sheet
♮ News id : b8DcBAAAQBAJ

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☯ Full Synopsis : "An era of sweeping cultural change in America, the postwar years saw the rise of beatniks and hippies, the birth of feminism, and the release of the first video game. It was also the era of new math. Introduced to US schools in the late 1950s and 1960s, the new math was a curricular answer to Cold War fears of American intellectual inadequacy. In the age of Sputnik and increasingly sophisticated technological systems and machines, math class came to be viewed as a crucial component of the education of intelligent, virtuous citizens who would be able to compete on a global scale. In this history, Christopher J. Phillips examines the rise and fall of the new math as a marker of the period’s political and social ferment. Neither the new math curriculum designers nor its diverse legions of supporters concentrated on whether the new math would improve students’ calculation ability. Rather, they felt the new math would train children to think in the right way, instilling in students a set of mental habits that might better prepare them to be citizens of modern society—a world of complex challenges, rapid technological change, and unforeseeable futures. While Phillips grounds his argument in shifting perceptions of intellectual discipline and the underlying nature of mathematical knowledge, he also touches on long-standing debates over the place and relevance of mathematics in liberal education. And in so doing, he explores the essence of what it means to be an intelligent American—by the numbers."Article| Christopher J. Phillips| Statement ..."