♥ Book Title : The Book of the Cave of Treasures
☯ Full Synopsis : "And in the days of Nimrod, the mighty man (or giant), a fire appeared which ascended from the earth, and Nimrod went down, and looked at it, and worshipped it, and he established priests to minister there, and to cast incense from it. From that day the Persians began to worship fire...-from "The Fourth Thousand Years"One of the most prolific and respected Egyptologists of the Victorian era, Budge here offers his translation of the 4th-century A.D. Syrian text commonly known as "the Cave of Treasures," a history of the world from the Creation to the crucifixion of Christ and considered by some to be an apocryphal book of the Bible. Budge's extensive notes, linking the work to other ancient writings, as well as the numerous illustrations, make this unusual work, first published in 1927, an excellent resource for students of ancient civilizations and comparative mythology.SIR E. A. WALLIS BUDGE (1857-1934) was curator of Egyptian and Assyrian antiquities at the British Museum from 1894 to 1924. Among his many works of translation and studies of ancient Egyptian religion and ritual is his best-known project, The Egyptian Book of the Dead."Article| E. a. Budge Budge| Statement ..."
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♥ Book Title : The History of al-Tabari Vol. 6
☯ Full Synopsis : "The sixth volume of the translation of al-Tabari's History deals with the ancestors of Muhammad, with his own early life, and then with his prophetic mission up to the time of his Hijrah or emigration to Medina. The topics covered mean that this volume is of great importance both for the career of Muhammad himself and for the early history of Islam. Al-Tabari was familiar with, and made use of, the main early source of these matters, the Sirah or life of Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq, a work which is still extant. Although his own treatment is briefer than that of Iban Ishaq, it complements the latter in important ways by making use of other sources. Where Ibn Ishaq gave only the version of an event which he preferred, al-Tabari includes any variants which he considered of value. Thus he mentions the dispute about the first male to become a muslim--'Ali or Abu Bakr or Zayd--and has also several variant accounts of the call to hostility toward Muhammad from many of the leading Meccans and their attempts to put pressure on his family to stop his preaching. The negotiations with the men of Medina which eventually led to the Hijrah are fully described, and there is then an account of how Muhammad escaped an assassination attempt and arrived safely in Medina. A concluding section discusses some chronological questions. This volume does not merely give a straightforward account of the earlier career of Muhammad and the beginnings of Islam, but also contains valuable source-material not easily accessible otherwise, or not accessible at all."Article| ?abar?| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : So Vast the Prison
☯ Full Synopsis : "So Vast the Prison is the double-threaded story of a modern, educated Algerian woman existing in a man's society, and, not surprisingly, living a life of contradictions. Djebar, too, tackles cross-cultural issues just by writing in French of an Arab society (the actual act of writing contrasting with the strong oral traditions of the indigenous culture), as a woman who has seen revolution in a now post-colonial country, and as an Algerian living in exile. In this new novel, Djebar brilliantly plays these contradictions against the bloody history of Carthage, a great civilization the Berbers were once compared to, and makes it both a tribute to the loss of Berber culture and a meeting-point of culture and language. As the story of one woman's experience in Algeria, it is a private tale, but one embedded in a vast history. A radically singular voice in the world of literature, Assia Djebar's work ultimately reaches beyond the particulars of Algeria to embrace, in stark yet sensuous language, the universal themes of violence, intimacy, ostracism, victimization, and exile."Article| Assia Djebar| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Calendars and Years
☯ Full Synopsis : "Dates form the backbone of written history. But where do these dates come from? Many different calendars were used in the ancient world. Some of these calendars were based upon observations or calculations of regular astronomical phenomena, such as the first sighting of the new moon crescent that defined the beginning of the month in many calendars, while others incorporated schematic simplifications of these phenomena, such as the 360-day year used in early Mesopotamian administrative practices in order to simplify accounting procedures. Historians frequently use handbooks and tables for converting dates in ancient calendars into the familiar BC/AD calendar that we use today. But very few historians understand how these tables have come about, or what assumptions have been made in their construction. The seven papers in this volume provide an answer to the question what do we know about the operation of calendars in the ancient world, and just as importantly how do we know it? Topics covered include the ancient and modern history of the Egyptian 365-day calendar, astronomical and administrative calendars in ancient Mesopotamia, and the development of astronomical calendars in ancient Greece. This book will be of interest to ancient historians, historians of science, astronomers who use early astronomical records, and anyone with an interest in calendars and their development."Article| John M. Steele| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : History of the Franks
☯ Full Synopsis : "Written in the 6th century by Gregory, the Bishop of Tours, "Historia Francorum," translated as History of the Franks, is a ten volume work that recounts the world's history from creation, focusing on the movement of Christianity into Gaul, an ancient region corresponding to modern France, Belgium, the south Netherlands, Southwest Germany, and northern Italy."Article| Gregory Bishop of Tours| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen)
☯ Full Synopsis : "This second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Berbers contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 200 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, places, events, institutions, and aspects of culture, society, economy, and politics."Article| Hsain Ilahiane| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : Breviarium Chronologicum: Or, A Treatise Describing the Terms and Most Celebrated Characters, Periods, and Epocha's Used in Chronology
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Aegidius Strauch| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Spirit of Laws
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Charles de Secondat baron de Montesquieu| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The decline of the West
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Oswald Spengler| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Encyclopédie of Diderot and D'Alembert
☯ Full Synopsis : "The publication of the Encyclopedie in the middle of the eighteenth century is generally recognised as a decisive factor in the conflict ideas which led to the French Revolution of 1789. Yet, despite its importance in the history of eighteenth-century French thought, no outstanding work of the period is less read today, simple because of its bulk and inaccessibility. Those parts reproduced in this edition cover religion, philosophy, science and political and social ideas and include articles which reflect the humanitarian outlook of the contributors and their attitude to the abuses of the ancien regime. The selection is of value not only to students of French literature and thought, but also to all those interested in the history and political ideas of France on the eve of the Revolution; in these pages Diderot, D'Alembert and D'Holbach are allowed to speak for themselves, instead of having their ideas summarised (and sometimes misinterpreted) by others."Article| Diderot| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : The Massacre at Paris
☯ Full Synopsis : "Christopher Marlowe was one of the most famous playwrights in all of literature. Marlowe's tragic plays, noted for their blank verse and unique protagonists, were a great influence on the legendary William Shakespeare.Some of Marlowe's classics include Doctor Faustus, Edward II, and Tamburlaine the Great. The Massacre at Paris is a play that is based on the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, which took place in Paris in 1572.A table of contents is included."Article| Christopher Marlowe| Statement ..."
♥ Book Title : An Essay on Universal History, the Manners, and Spirit of Nations
☯ Full Synopsis : ""Article| Voltaire| Statement ..."